MALARIA The Silent Killer A Simple Guide For Travellers

MALARIA The Silent Killer A Simple Guide For Travellers



What is​ malaria?
Malaria is​ a​ very serious disease caused by protozoan parasites of​ the​ genus Plasmodium. Four species of​ the​ parasites produce the​ disease which is​ transmitted by the​ female anopheline mosquito. the​ most dangerous is​ P. falciparum. if​ untreated it​ can lead to​ fatal cerebral malaria.

What are the​ symptoms?
Flu-like symptoms: headaches,​ muscle aches,​ confusion,​ dizziness,​ vomiting (lasting several hours),​ sweating,​ tiredness,​ but most of​ all,​ fever. Anemia and jaundice can occur.
Symptoms generally occur from 7 days to​ a​ few weeks after being bitten,​ however may not occur for up to​ one year.

How is​ it​ prevented?
The following drugs should be taken before embarking on​ a​ trip to​ a​ country where malaria is​ prevalent:
Atovaquone/proguanil
Doxycycline
Mefloquine
Primaquine (in special circumstances)
Visit your doctor or​ health clinic several weeks before travelling as​ these drugs need to​ be administered in​ advance.
A good insect repellent should also be applied to​ exposed skin whilst abroad; preferably one containing DEET (N.N - diethyl meta-toulamide) which is​ the​ only ingredient guaranteed to​ work and is​ long lasting. There are other repellents on​ the​ market for those not wishing to​ use DEET,​ but they need to​ be applied frequently.

What countries are at​ risk?

Afghanistan. Angola,​ Brazil,​ Benin,​ Burkino,​ Cambodia,​ Camaroon,​ Central African Republic,​ Chad,​ China,​ Comoros,​ Congo,​ Djibouti,​ Equatorial New Guinea,​ Eritrea,​ Faso Burindi,​ Gabon,​ Ghana,​ Guinea,​ Bissau,​ Indonesia,​ Ivory Coast,​ Kenya,​ Liberia,​ Madagascar,​ Malawi,​ Mali,​ Mozambique,​ Niger,​ Nigeria,​ Principe,​ Rwanda,​ Sao Tome,​ Senegal,​ Sierra Leone,​ Somalia,​ Sudan,​ Sri Lanka,​ Swaziland,​ Tanzania,​ Thailand,​ Togo,​ Uganda,​ Vietnam,​ Zaire,​ Zambia.

BE SAFE!




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