Overview Of Peru For Travelers

Overview Of Peru For Travelers



Peru is​ located on​ the​ upper west coast of​ South America. if​ you​ are considering Peru as​ a​ travel destination,​ following is​ an​ overview of​ the​ country.

Overview of​ Peru for Travelers

Historically,​ Peru was the​ location of​ the​ dominant early cultures in​ South America. the​ city of​ Caral has pyramid remains dated to​ between 2000 and 2600 BC,​ which may make it​ the​ oldest city in​ the​ world. Peru is​ also the​ home of​ the​ Nazca Lines,​ the​ football field size drawings in​ the​ ground that are only apparent from the​ air.

The Incas are a​ mysterious civilization,​ but one that was clearly dominant during its time. the​ Incas were based in​ modern day Peru. Although it​ was not a​ major city,​ Machu Picchu is​ the​ best known archeological remains of​ the​ Incas. it​ was discovered in​ 1911.

The Spanish defeated the​ Inca Empire in​ 1533,​ who remained in​ control for nearly 300 years. in​ 1821,​ Peru declared independence,​ but wasn’t able to​ defeat the​ Spanish until 1824. in​ fact,​ Peru was the​ last Spanish colony in​ South America.

Peru has seen periods of​ relative stability and near civil war since gaining its independence. in​ the​ late 20th century,​ conflicts with the​ Shining Path and Tupac Amaru rebel groups resulted in​ as​ many as​ 70,​000 people being killed. Peru has moved beyond such conflicts and is​ experiencing a​ period of​ strong stability and economic growth. in​ a​ stunning development for patriarchal South America,​ Peru elected Beatriz Merino as​ the​ first female prime minister on​ the​ continent in​ 2003.

Peru is​ an​ interesting climatic country because it​ contains stunning mountains,​ flat plains and over 1,​500 miles of​ beaches on​ the​ Pacific Ocean. Figuring out what to​ take is​ entirely dependent on​ the​ part of​ the​ country you​ will visit. Travel to​ Lake Titicaca,​ one of​ the​ highest lakes in​ the​ world,​ and you​ will need to​ dress for warmth. Visit the​ dry desert in​ the​ east of​ the​ country,​ and you​ will be dressing just the​ opposite.

Modern Peru has a​ total population of​ 28 million people. Roman Catholic is​ the​ dominant language. the​ literacy rate is​ roughly 88 percent. After years of​ conflict,​ the​ country has suffered economically to​ the​ point that over 50 percent of​ the​ population lives below the​ poverty line. With stability returning,​ this situation is​ expected to​ improve.

Peru is​ one of​ the​ hottest travel destinations in​ South America. With the​ end of​ armed conflict,​ the​ chance to​ see Inca ruins should not be missed.




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