An Overview Of Switzerland For Travelers


An Overview Of Switzerland For Travelers

The official name of​ Switzerland is​ the​ Swiss Confederation. if​ you​ are considering visiting Switzerland,​ you​ should know something about the​ country.

An Overview of​ Switzerland for Travelers

Switzerland is​ uniquely positioned in​ Europe because it​ sits on​ the​ crossroads of​ many routes. Although not as​ important in​ modern times,​ the​ geographic position explains the​ odd situation where the​ official languages of​ the​ country are German,​ Italian and Romansch. French is​ widely spoken in​ the​ west and English is​ prevalent throughout the​ country. There is​ no language unique to​ Switzerland…Switzerish perhaps.

Switzerland is​ a​ very modern country rating at​ or​ near the​ top of​ all living standards in​ the​ world. Literacy rates are near 100 percent,​ 25 percent of​ adults hold diplomas from higher education and religious freedom is​ guaranteed. Switzerland has one of​ the​ highest usage rates of​ computers and the​ Internet,​ not to​ mention a​ high per capita income level. Health care services are outstanding and nearly all Swiss are insured.

Historically,​ Switzerland was first inhabited by Helvetic Celts. it​ eventually came under the​ rule of​ the​ Roman Empire. During this period,​ it​ flourished as​ cities such as​ Geneva,​ Basel and Zurich served as​ major commerce centers in​ the​ Roman Empire.

After the​ fall of​ the​ Roman Empire,​ Switzerland was invaded and ruled by various groups. it​ later passed into control of​ the​ popes of​ the​ Roman Catholic Church. Eventually,​ the​ three dominant families in​ Switzerland agreed to​ a​ joint rule pact in​ which they pledged joint defense,​ peace and autonomous rule. They signed the​ agreement on​ August 1,​ 1291,​ a​ day now considered Nations Day in​ Switzerland. Following this period,​ Switzerland pursued land capture through military ventures,​ defeating the​ Habsburgs on​ three separate occasions. They were subsequently defeated by the​ French and Venetians and renounced expansionist policies,​ the​ foundation of​ Swiss Neutrality.

After a​ brief civil war between Protestants and liberals,​ Switzerland settled into the​ country it​ is​ today in​ 1848. Free of​ Catholic rule,​ the​ country passed a​ constitution establishing strong civil liberties. Unlike most countries,​ the​ Swiss federal government is​ very weak. the​ states,​ known as​ cantons,​ have significant autonomy and the​ effective law makers in​ the​ country.

The citizens of​ Switzerland go by the​ name “Swiss.” the​ population totals about 7.3 million and grows less than one percent a​ year in​ size. Religiously,​ Swiss categorize themselves as​ Roman Catholic 42 percent,​ Protestant 33 percent,​ Muslim 4.3 percent,​ others 5.4 percent and no religion 11percent. the​ literacy rate is​ claimed to​ be 100 percent and the​ average life expectancy is​ 76.5 years for men and 82.5 for women.

Switzerland’s policy of​ neutrality has served it​ will through two world wars. Much of​ the​ country has escaped the​ damage inflicted on​ its neighbors. With soaring peaks and beautiful cities,​ it​ is​ a​ traveler’s delight. Now that you​ know something about it,​ give it​ a​ visit.






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