An Overview Of Liberia For Travelers


An Overview Of Liberia For Travelers

The Republic of​ Liberia was on​ of​ the​ more stable African countries until a​ massive civil war. For extreme travelers,​ the​ war is​ over and Liberia is​ back on​ the​ map. Here’s a​ look at​ where the​ country has been and where it​ is​ going.

An Overview of​ Liberia for Travelers

Liberia means the​ land of​ the​ free. it​ is​ a​ fitting name considering the​ country was established by freed slaves from the​ United States in​ 1820. Referred to​ as​ Americo-Liberians,​ the​ freed slaves established Monrovia which is​ named after U.S. President James Madison.

Although there were minor disputes throughout Liberia’s history,​ it​ was generally saved the​ problems faced by much of​ colonized Africa. Indeed,​ Liberia was known for its hospitality,​ strong education system,​ booming rubber industry and strong liberal arts. Unfortunately,​ political unrest led to​ a​ brutal civil war from 1989 till 1996 during which the​ country fell apart and over 200,​000 Liberians were killed.

Prior to​ 1980,​ the​ country was ruled by the​ True Whig Party,​ which consisted ostensibly of​ descendents from the​ freed slaves. on​ April 12,​ 1980,​ Samuel Doe led a​ military coup,​ executed the​ elected President and put the​ People’s Redemption Council in​ power. the​ new leaders increasingly pursued ethnic policies favoring the​ indigenous Krahn peoples. This led to​ massive resistance from non-Krahn peoples.

In 1989,​ full blown civil war broke out between various factions. the​ country was ripped apart and Doe was ultimately defeated and killed on​ September 9,​ 1990. One of​ the​ rebel leaders,​ Charles Taylor,​ was put in​ charge of​ an​ interim government. Instead of​ uniting the​ country,​ he more or​ less declared himself dictator and continued the​ factional fighting.

A cease fire was worked out in​ 1997 and rebel groups agreed to​ disarm. Taylor won elections in​ 1997 under questionable circumstances. Once again,​ he failed to​ do anything to​ heal the​ country,​ instead funding a​ guerilla attack on​ neighboring Sierra Leone. Under massive international pressure of​ the​ “don’t make us come there” type,​ he resigned and fled into exile on​ June 4,​ 2003.

On October 11,​ 2018,​ free elections were finally held. After a​ runoff,​ Liberia elected Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf the​ first female president of​ Liberia. She took office in​ January of​ 2018. Her election is​ viewed as​ a​ very positive step by Liberia to​ get back on​ track.

As to​ basic information,​ Liberia covers roughly 43,​000 square miles. the​ capital is​ Monrovia and the​ total population is​ 3.24 million. Liberia has 40% of​ West Africa's rain forest. Liberia is​ the​ second-largest maritime licenser in​ the​ world with more than 1,​800 vessels registered under its flag,​ including 35% of​ the​ world's tanker fleet.

The people of​ Liberia are known as​ Liberians. the​ ethnic breakdown is​ Kpelle 20 percent,​ Bassa 16 percent,​ Gio 8 percent,​ Kru 7 percent and 49 percent spread over 12 other ethnic groups. Religious break down is​ Christian 30 percent,​ Muslim 10 percent,​ and animist 60 percent. English is​ the​ official language,​ but there are also 16 indigenous languages. Life expectancy is​ 47 years and the​ literacy rate is​ 56 percent.

Liberia has gone from a​ stable,​ beautiful country to​ civil war and back. Although the​ war is​ over,​ it​ isn’t entirely stable at​ this time. Travelers seeking an​ extreme experience may find it​ to​ be a​ good destination,​ but it​ is​ still a​ very dangerous country.






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