An Overview Of Australia For Travelers

An Overview Of Australia For Travelers



Australia is​ a​ very diverse country geographically and a​ hot spot for tourism. if​ you​ are thinking about heading down under,​ here is​ some information on​ Australia.

An Overview of​ Australia for Travelers

Australia is​ its own continent,​ the​ only country in​ the​ world that can say as​ much. it​ covers roughly 3 million square miles and is​ about the​ size of​ the​ continental United States. the​ capital is​ Canberra,​ but Sydney is​ the​ biggest city with 4.2 million people. the​ climate of​ Australia is​ extremely dry inland with more temperate conditions along the​ coast. the​ population centers are primarily along the​ coast due to​ soaring temperatures inland.

Australia was originally inhabited by Aboriginal tribes. in​ 1770,​ Captain Cook claimed the​ land for Great Britain. in​ 1788,​ the​ first colony was established in​ New South Wales. Most of​ the​ colonists were convicted criminals from Great Britain. Gold was discovered soon thereafter and Australia became a​ destination for immigrants seeking fortune and a​ new start in​ life.

On the​ far northern coast,​ Australia is​ home to​ one of​ the​ amazing sites in​ the​ world. the​ great barrier reef is​ a​ water enthusiasts dream. With incredible plant life,​ the​ reef is​ world renowned as​ a​ diver’s paradise. a​ watchful eye is​ advised given the​ presence of​ the​ Great White Shark in​ the​ area.

Australia is​ a​ Commonwealth. the​ federal powers are mapped somewhat after those in​ the​ United States,​ but no bill of​ rights exists. Unlike the​ U.S.,​ the​ individual territories retain significant authority over their own affairs.

People in​ Australia are called “Australians.” the​ country has a​ population of​ just over 20 million,​ and the​ population is​ growing at​ a​ rate of​ 1.1 percent a​ year. Australians ethnicity is​ 92 percent European,​ 6 percent Asian and 2 percent Aboriginal. No religion dominates,​ but 27 percent of​ Australians considered themselves Roman Catholics. Life expectancy for males is​ 78 years while females live to​ 83 on​ average. Literacy rates are a​ surprisingly low 85 percent.

Australia was often considered the​ forgotten country. Long distance transportation changed that designation. Now it​ is​ one of​ the​ hottest tourist destinations year in​ and year out.




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