Software Programming And Computer Chess

Software Programming And Computer Chess



Software Programming And Computer Chess
The beginning of​ generation codes used to​ program computers,​ was called machine language or​ machine code,​ it​ is​ the​ only language a​ computer really understands .​
It is​ a​ sequence of​ 0s and 1s that the​ computer's controllers electrically interpret as​ instructions .​
The second generation of​ codes was called assembly language .​
assembly language turns the​ foreign language of​ 0s and 1s into human words like 'add' .​
Assembly language is​ always translated back into machine code by computer programs called assemblers.
The third generation of​ code,​ was called high level language or​ HLL,​ which has human sounding words as​ well as​ words put into sentences .​
In order for the​ computer to​ understand any HLL,​ a​ compiler interprets the​ high level language into either assembly language or​ machine code .​
All software programming languages need to​ be eventually translated into machine code for a​ computer to​ use the​ instructions they contain.
As the​ user you​ do not see the​ code used to​ create computer software programs .​
However,​ you​ do use the​ results and the​ end products of​ software programming which are soft programs that are easy to​ use by the​ consumer .​
Below is​ an​ article discussing the​ history of​ software programming of​ Computer Chess and the​ lives of​ the​ software programmer behind one of​ your favorite software programs.
Dr .​
Dietrich Prinz wrote the​ original computer chess program for a​ universal functioning computer .​
The program was released in​ November 1951 .​
Previously,​ special purpose machines which were designed only for playing chess had been invented,​ but Prinz decided to​ invent a​ program that could be played on​ any general computer .​
Since computers of​ the​ 1950’s had very little memory power compared to​ today’s computers,​ his program could only examine every possible move until a​ solution was found which took an​ average of​ fifteen minutes (a move that can be accomplished by a​ modern computer in​ a​ fraction of​ a​ second!) However,​ for its time this was considered a​ miracle.
Dr .​
Dietrich G .​
Prinz was born on​ 29 March,​ 1903 .​
He was educated at​ Berlin University,​ where his teachers included genius’s Planck and Einstein and graduated with a​ Ph.D .​
in​ Philosophy .​
He left for England in​ 1935 where he began working at​ Ferranti Ltd.,​ a​ major computer business .​
He soon became the​ companies head programmer and in​ 1957,​ after his original chess program,​ a​ full-fledged chess program introduced by Bernstein for an​ IMB .​
In 1983,​ a​ chess program called Belle was designed by AT&T and became the​ first to​ reach the​ U.S.A .​
Since,​ Chess programs have become widely popular to​ a​ large group of​ people,​ including mater chess players as​ well as​ novices.




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