Tenets Of Yoga Philosophy

In the​ ancient India,​ philosophy has been traditionally divided into two main groups. These groups are called as​ the​ orthodox group and heretic group. the​ orthodox group believes in​ the​ authority of​ Vedas in​ all the​ philosophical matters. These orthodox systems are six in​ all. One of​ the​ most popular systems of​ philosophy is​ yoga.

It shares the​ following common beliefs with the​ other orthodox systems:

• Belief in​ the​ permanent soul,​ which forms the​ basis of​ life.

• Soul is​ supposed to​ discard one body at​ the​ time of​ death and enter a​ new one at​ the​ time of​ new birth.

• a​ strong belief in​ the​ karma,​ which states that the​ events happening in​ a​ person’s life are a​ direct results of​ the​ events in​ his previous life or​ lives (if the​ person has been born many times).

• a​ belief that the​ life of​ an​ individual is​ primarily of​ misery and sorrow.

• a​ belief in​ the​ state of​ complete freedom from misery and sorrow called mukti or​ moksha.

Yoga adopts the​ dualistic doctrine of​ explaining the​ universe of​ objects and living beings. it​ assumes that the​ universe was originally created by the​ uniting or​ samyoga of​ two eternal realities called purusha and prakriti. Purusha forms the​ basis of​ all the​ spiritual objects while prakriti deals with the​ material objects. Prakriti and everything that comes from it​ has three gunas viz.: sattva,​ rajo and tamas in​ various proportions and combinations.

Sattvaguna deals with all that is​ pure and holy while rajasguna deals with all the​ rich and royal qualities and tamasguna deals with all the​ baser qualities like greed,​ lust,​ anger,​ fear etc. the​ samyoga of​ the​ purusha and the​ prakriti is​ virtual. it​ does not exist but only the​ ignorant mind thinks it​ is​ real. This is​ due to​ the​ illusion called avidya and binds the​ purusha and causes him to​ transmigrate from one body to​ another in​ the​ various births. Once the​ avidya is​ dispelled completely,​ one can break free from the​ cycle of​ bith and death and can achieve moksha. This is​ easily achieved by following the​ eightfold path given by Patanjali in​ his Yogasutras.

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