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Mental Health Nursing

Mental Health Nursing the​ Roles of​ Psychiatric Nurses
With the​ introduction of​ newer issues and recent needs,​ the​ concepts in​ mental health nursing or​ psychiatric nursing expanded dramatically. From the​ need to​ provide nursing care for mental health patients during the​ end of​ the​ 19th century,​ nurses are nowadays commissioned to​ provide psychiatricmental health services on​ a​ variety of​ settings.
A psychiatric nurse works on​ different settings such as​ community mental health programs,​ psychiatric hospitals and facilities,​ the​ academe and even in​ the​ criminal justice system. There are only two levels of​ psychiatric nursing the​ basic and the​ advanced. Both of​ which have various responsibilities.
For the​ basic level,​ the​ psychiatric nurse will carry out the​ physicians orders. These are registered nurses who are equipped with the​ knowledge on​ developing,​ implementing and assessing nursing care plans; they also administer medications and provide direct nursing care. They are usually found in​ familybased settings,​ assisting the​ family members in​ dealing with a​ members mental disorder. However,​ they may also be found in​ education settings where their primary role is​ to​ teach the​ public or​ other mental health care providers about mental health and psychological disorders. They may also assist with counseling and intervention.
On the​ other hand,​ registered nurses who also have a​ masters degree or​ a​ doctoral degree in​ mental health nursing could qualify as​ Psychiatric Nurse Practitioners. Having more advanced skills and knowledge on​ this field,​ they could practice assessments,​ diagnoses and treatments for patients of​ mental health. Depending on​ the​ state,​ they are also qualified to​ practice psychotherapy and case management,​ and prescribe medications. Also,​ they may choose to​ hold administrative positions in​ schools and hospitals and may also conduct researches of​ their own.
These are the​ basic roles of​ psychiatric nurses. But due to​ the​ development of​ further needs in​ the​ management of​ psychiatric disorders,​ the​ roles were expanded to​ meet the​ demands.
For example,​ the​ problems presented through the​ need of​ nursing care facilities in​ high security areas such as​ those similar in​ forensic nursing. the​ nurses working in​ this setting need to​ meet the​ balance between protecting the​ public from the​ potential harm caused by the​ patients and providing an environment that will also aim to​ offer therapeutic interventions.
Another change in​ the​ roles of​ psychiatric nurses is​ the​ extension of​ psychiatric services to​ prisons. This pose the​ challenge to​ psychiatric nurses to​ give the​ same mental health care services to​ inmates regardless of​ the​ boundaries set by the​ lack of​ facilities and trained people to​ do the​ work.
Lastly,​ the​ need to​ advance psychiatric custody to​ disordered individuals who are under the​ criminal justice system. as​ we may know,​ not all correctional institutions have dedicated units for inmates with psychiatric disorders. But in​ the​ past years,​ psychiatric facilities are being integrated into the​ criminal justice system. Because of​ the​ formation of​ the​ mental health courts,​ newer responsibilities were added to​ psychiatric nursing.
Mental health nursing,​ like many other professions,​ have met fundamental changes in​ the​ past recent years. This may be largely attributed to​ the​ improvements of​ newer facilities therefore newer needs for professionals which are mirrored in​ nursing professions. in​ many areas of​ psychiatric though,​ there is​ no doubt that there are fewer changes. However,​ as​ seen in​ the​ mental healthcare,​ these changes have prepared the​ way towards better systems and better people working in​ the​ field.

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