Mental Health Courts

Mental Health Courts



Mental Health Courts Separate Justice System
Patients of​ mental health require special attention and treatments and on​ normal circumstances,​ the​ prison cell will not give the​ proper,​ not even the​ sufficient treatment. it​ has been observed that those people who are suffering from certain mental disorders become worse while they are in​ correctional facilities. They get intimidated by the​ other inmates,​ they get abused even and the​ worst part is,​ they do not get the​ right treatment for their disorders. There is​ simply no possible way for them to​ get treated inside such facilities. Therefore,​ their psychological disorders become aggravated.
In the​ past recent years,​ it​ has been observed that offenders with mental illnesses are fastly falling into the​ jurisdiction of​ criminal justice system. Added to​ this are the​ shocking percentages of​ people with mental illnesses that are mixed into normal groups of​ people in​ correctional facilities. This is​ due to​ the​ lack of​ mental health facilities or​ their feeling of​ intimidation and reluctance to​ avail the​ services of​ such facilities which make them unable to​ connect to​ the​ community support systems that they are entitled to. in​ the​ end,​ people with mental disorders find themselves committing both minor and severe crimes,​ thus incarceration without receiving the​ services they require. This brought on​ the​ need for a​ judicial system that would specifically advance the​ services needed by criminal offenders with mental disorders.
Because of​ the​ need to​ improve the​ criminal justice system in​ the​ country,​ government officials,​ policy makers,​ the​ Council of​ State Governments and mental health professionals convened to​ come up with a​ solution that will answer the​ specific needs of​ criminal offenders with psychological disorders.
Mental health courts are the​ links between mental health and criminal law. This body combined the​ specialties of​ almost all types of​ people working in​ both fields to​ come up with favorable programs that work for the​ advantage mentally ill offenders. These courts commission court personnel such as​ judges,​ prosecutors and attorneys who have expertise and sufficient knowledge on​ mental health. Up to​ date,​ there are about 27 courts around the​ United States that are promoting treatment methods that are supported by the​ courts in​ exchange for incarceration.
These courts are adhering to​ therapeutic methods for people with mental health needs and they work on​ two approaches. One is​ to​ help prevent the​ rate of​ mental illnesses from rising to​ lessen the​ frequency of​ criminal offenses in​ support of​ public protection and two,​ distinguish that the​ need for criminal sanctions is​ highly unnecessary when it​ is​ proven that the​ cause of​ the​ criminal act is​ a​ psychological disorder. With these approaches in​ mind,​ there are two goals enveloping this type of​ courts,​ namely a​ to​ lessen the​ exacerbation of​ criminal behaviors due to​ mental health illnesses magnified by insufficient number of​ services extended to​ people who need them and b to​ find the​ alternative solution to​ imprisonment that would restrain the​ recurrence of​ the​ criminal act while providing treatment options for the​ offenders.
These courts believe that their services could augment the​ provisions of​ mental health facilities and may also extend the​ services of​ the​ criminal justice system. This way,​ such courts are able to​ give the​ alternative solutions that help lessen the​ number of​ offenses of​ individuals who are not mentally well.
It cannot be denied though that this program is​ still at​ its infancy period having too little resource and having systems that are still developing. in​ fact,​ it​ was noted on​ the​ research conducted by the​ Bazelon Center Review that each court system has no specific model to​ which these courts could follow their structures. Also,​ they are allowed to​ create their own systems,​ rules and procedures that will work for the​ best interests of​ the​ facilities.
However,​ it​ cannot be discounted that mental health courts are playing the​ crucial role of​ separating offenders with mental health needs from normal people to​ whom criminal justice system applies well.




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