Hikikomori Is It A Social Issue Or A Mental Problem

Hikikomori Is It A Social Issue Or A Mental Problem

Hikikomori is​ it​ a​ Social Issue,​ or​ a​ Mental Problem?
In Japan,​ the​ hikikomori phenomenon is​ something that the​ countrys government supposedly views with a​ mix of​ disdain and​ worry . ​
the​ act of​ completely cutting oneself off from all social and​ human contact for​ an​ extended period is​ an​ understandable cause of​ alarm,​ particularly in​ a​ cultural and​ corporate environment like that of​ Japan . ​
the​ phenomenon is​ still a​ subject of​ intense study,​ though subjects for​ observation can be difficult to​ come by simply due to​ the​ nature of​ the​ problem . ​
a​ typical hikikomori can be nearly impossible to​ even contact,​ let alone be convinced to​ allow himself to​ be observed by mental health experts . ​
Given this situation,​ it​ is​ not all that easy to​ get concrete,​ firsthand information on​ them . ​
However,​ there is​ an​ ample supply of​ theories,​ covering both factors in​ the​ development of​ such behavior and​ the​ possible root causes of​ it . ​

Most believe the​ problem to​ be rooted primarily in​ extreme social anxiety,​ as​ evidenced by the​ act of​ cutting oneself off from all human contact . ​
There are conflicting reports on​ whether or​ not the​ person involved in​ this still has contact with others through the​ Internet,​ though this may or​ may not be a​ factor,​ depending on​ whether or​ not it​ is​ strictly social anxiety or​ if​ there are other factors or​ issues involved . ​
Indeed,​ it​ is​ too easy to​ simply state that the​ hikikomori problem is​ rooted in​ social anxiety . ​

Another potential factor,​ as​ some psychologists have suggested,​ is​ an​ acute form of​ performance anxiety,​ usually accompanied by a​ sense of​ depression over the​ state of​ the​ Japanese economy . ​
Most reported cases of​ hikikomori in​ Japan come from middleclass families . ​
Economically speaking,​ the​ average Japanese middleclass family can financially support a​ single,​ nonworking child a​ situation that has given rise to​ the​ term parasite singles,​ in​ theory,​ a​ child who is​ afraid of​ not meeting the​ expectations of​ his family and,​ at​ the​ same time,​ the​ knowledge that he does not need to​ actually work leads to​ a​ form of​ performance anxiety . ​
This type of​ anxiety has left them psychologically unable to​ work . ​
This situations combined with the​ depression over Japans current economic and​ political standing can even lead some individuals to​ become unwilling to​ work . ​

From what evidence is​ available at​ this point,​ it​ is​ possible to​ speculate that there is​ more to​ this than one would assume,​ as​ this may be more of​ a​ mental health issue than a​ social one . ​
Some have gone so far as​ to​ mention that the​ hikikomori phenomenon may be an​ entirely new breed of​ mental health issue,​ though most psychologists and​ sociologists dispute this claim . ​
While there is​ very little dispute that this sort of​ behavior is​ rooted firmly in​ mental health problems,​ most would consider it​ radical thinking to​ assume that this is​ an​ entirely new disorder . ​
There is​ a​ possibility of​ this,​ though there has not been sufficient firsthand study of​ the​ behavior to​ back up a​ claim either way . ​

There have also been extensive claims that the​ hikikomori phenomenon is​ caused by factors inherent to​ current Japanese social norms . ​
the​ argument that there are facets or​ aspects of​ how Japanese society expects people to​ behave and​ think is​ a​ strong one,​ mainly because the​ problem was first reported in​ Japan and​ bears a​ distinctly Japanese name . ​
However,​ there is​ evidence that this sort of​ problem is​ not confined merely to​ Japan,​ as​ reports of​ similar problems are emerging in​ Taiwan,​ Singapore,​ and​ China . ​
There are still common factors between these countries,​ most notably the​ education system,​ indicating that it​ may be a​ cultural factor common to​ the​ above countries . ​
According to​ the​ BBC,​ however,​ citizens in​ the​ UK have claimed to​ have had personal experience with hikikomori in​ the​ UK,​ arguing that the​ problem was not an​ inherently Japanese or​ East Asian one . ​

The difficulty in​ determining the​ root cause of​ the​ problem has also lent itself to​ finding ways to​ alleviate it . ​
Since there is​ no evidence to​ support one cause or​ another,​ there has been difficulty in​ determining whether the​ problem can be treated with therapy,​ psychoactive ​Drug​s,​ or​ both . ​
as​ long as​ there is​ a​ lack of​ concrete information on​ the​ hikikomori problem,​ effective ways and​ means to​ help hikikomori overcome their problems will remain slow to​ develop . ​
the​ lack of​ awareness and​ information about this complex psychological disorder has left hundreds of​ hikikomori secluded in​ their own little worlds,​ imprisoned by selfdoubt and​ fear about the​ world outside . ​

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