Eye Protective Selection Is Important In The Workplace

Eye Protective Selection Is Important In The Workplace



Personal protective equipment for the​ eyes and face is​ designed to​ prevent or​ lessen the​ severity of​ injuries to​ workers. the​ employer must assess the​ workplace and determine if​ hazards that require the​ use of​ eye and/or face protection are present or​ are likely to​ be present before assigning a​ certain type of​ personal protective equipment to​ workers.

A hazard assessment should determine the​ risk of​ exposure to​ eye and face hazards,​ including those which may be encountered in​ an​ emergency. Employers should be aware of​ the​ possibility of​ multiple and simultaneous hazard exposures and be prepared to​ protect against the​ highest level of​ each hazard.

Hazards can fall into five categories:
Impact (Flying objects such as​ large chips,​ fragments,​ particles,​ sand,​ and dirt. Produced by chipping,​ grinding,​ machining,​ masonry work,​ wood working,​ sawing,​ drilling,​ chiseling,​ powered fastening,​ riveting,​ and sanding.)
Heat (Anything emitting extreme heat. Produced by furnace operations,​ pouring,​ casting,​ hot dipping,​ and welding.)
Chemicals (Splash,​ fumes,​ vapors,​ and irritating mists. Produced by acid and chemical handling,​ degreasing,​ plating,​ and working with blood.)
Dust (Harmful Dust. Produced by woodworking,​ buffing,​ and general dusty conditions.)
Optical Radiation (Radiant energy,​ glare,​ and intense light Produced by welding,​ torch-cutting,​ brazing,​ soldering,​ and laser work.)

The majority of​ impact injuries result from flying or​ falling objects,​ or​ sparks striking the​ eye. Most of​ these objects are smaller than a​ pin head and can cause serious injury such as​ punctures,​ abrasions,​ and contusions.

While working in​ a​ hazardous area where the​ worker is​ exposed to​ flying objects,​ fragments,​ and particles,​ primary protective devices such as​ safety spectacles with side shields or​ goggles must be worn. Secondary protective devices such as​ face shields are required in​ conjunction with primary protective devices during severe exposure to​ impact hazards. Personal protective equipment examples are:
Spectacles - Primary protectors intended to​ shield the​ eyes from a​ variety of​ impact hazards.
Goggles - Primary protectors intended to​ shield the​ eyes against flying fragments,​ objects,​ large chips,​ and particles.
Face Shields - Secondary protectors intended to​ protect the​ entire face against exposure to​ impact hazards.

Heat injuries may occur to​ the​ eye and face when workers are exposed to​ high temperatures,​ splashes of​ molten metal,​ or​ hot sparks. Protect your eyes from heat when workplace operations involve pouring,​ casting,​ hot dipping,​ furnace operations,​ and other similar activities. Burns to​ eye and face tissue are the​ main concern when working with heat hazards.

Working with heat hazards requires eye protection such as​ goggles or​ safety spectacles with special-purpose lenses and side shields. However,​ many heat hazard exposures require the​ use of​ a​ face shield in​ addition to​ safety spectacles or​ goggles. When selecting PPE,​ consider the​ source and intensity of​ the​ heat and the​ type of​ splashes that may occur in​ the​ workplace. Personal protective equipment examples are:

Spectacles - Primary protectors intended to​ shield the​ eyes from a​ variety of​ heat hazards.
Goggles - Primary protectors intended to​ shield the​ eyes against a​ variety of​ heat hazards.
Face Shields - Secondary protectors intended to​ shield the​ entire face against exposure to​ high temperatures,​ splash from molten metal,​ and hot sparks.

A large percentage of​ eye injuries are caused by direct contact with chemicals. These injuries often result from an​ inappropriate choice of​ personal protective equipment,​ that allows a​ chemical substance to​ enter from around or​ under protective eye equipment. Serious and irreversible damage can occur when chemical substances contact the​ eyes in​ the​ form of​ splash,​ mists,​ vapors,​ or​ fumes. When working with or​ around chemicals,​ it​ is​ important to​ know the​ location of​ emergency eyewash stations and how to​ access them with restricted vision.

When fitted and worn correctly,​ goggles protect your eyes from hazardous substances. a​ face shield may be required in​ areas where workers are exposed to​ severe chemical hazards.
Goggles - Primary protectors intended to​ shield the​ eyes against liquid or​ chemical splash,​ irritating mists,​ vapors,​ and fumes.
Face Shields - Secondary protectors intended to​ protect the​ entire face against exposure to​ chemical hazards.

Dust is​ present in​ the​ workplace during operations such as​ woodworking and buffing. Working in​ a​ dusty environment can causes eye injuries and presents additional hazards to​ contact lens wearers.

Either eyecup or​ cover-type safety goggles should be worn when dust is​ present. Safety goggles are the​ only effective type of​ eye protection from nuisance dust because they create a​ protective seal around the​ eyes.
Goggles - Primary protectors intended to​ protect the​ eyes against a​ variety of​ airborne particles and harmful dust.

Laser work and similar operations create intense concentrations of​ heat,​ ultraviolet,​ infrared,​ and reflected light radiation. a​ laser beam,​ of​ sufficient power,​ can produce intensities greater than those experienced when looking directly at​ the​ sun. Unprotected laser exposure may result in​ eye injuries including retinal burns,​ cataracts,​ and permanent blindness. When lasers produce invisible ultraviolet,​ or​ other radiation,​ both employees and visitors should use appropriate eye protection at​ all times.

Determine the​ maximum power density,​ or​ intensity,​ lasers produce when workers are exposed to​ laser beams. Based on​ this knowledge,​ select lenses that protect against the​ maximum intensity. the​ selection of​ laser protection should depend upon the​ lasers in​ use and the​ operating conditions. Workers with exposure to​ laser beams must be furnished suitable laser protection.

When selecting filter lenses,​ begin with a​ shade too dark to​ see the​ welding zone. Then try lighter shades until one allows a​ sufficient view of​ the​ welding zone without going below the​ minimum protective shade.

Hazards should be addressed and appropriate measures be taken. in​ many cases hazards can compile,​ personal protective equipment must be selected to​ protect all personnel in​ the​ workplace. Personal protective equipment should be viewed as​ a​ last resort when all other attempts at​ hazard control have failed.




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