Defensive Driving Courses A Brief Overview

Defensive Driving Courses A Brief Overview



Advanced Driving or​ also known as​ defensive driving is​ a​ more advanced form of​ training that motor vehicle drivers can take, over and​ above the mastery of​ the rules of​ the road, and​ the basic mechanics of​ driving. Its aim is​ to​ reduce the risk of​ driving by proactively avoiding dangerous situations, despite adverse conditions and/or the incorrect actions of​ others. this​ can be achieved through adherence to​ a​ variety of​ general-purpose rules, as​ well as​ the practice of​ specific driving techniques.

Listed below are a​ few of​ those techniques, and​ a​ few words about them.

Rule No. 1 - Pay Attention!
A moving vehicle develops thousands of​ foot-pounds of​ energy. you​ as​ a​ driver have the responsibility not to​ use that energy to​ injure or​ kill others, or​ damage their property. Paying attention​ makes it​ possible for​ you​ to​ see, recognize and​ avoid the hazards lurking on​ the road; these are the three basic elements of​ defensive driving. The primary attribute necessary for​ a​ safe driver is​ alertness, and​ paying attention​ is​ the most important driving task because it​ helps create the time you​ need to​ recognize hazards and​ avoid a​ collision.

Rule No. 2 - Do not Trust Anybody!
We have met the enemy and​ he has us. you​ can never rely on​ what the other driver will do. Think back to​ all the mistakes you've made while driving over the years. Think ahead to​ the ones you​ know you​ will make in​ the future. All the other drivers are just like us! Don't trust them! While you​ are driving, keep a​ wary eye on​ the other guy and​ leave yourself plenty of​ room. Anticipate the mistakes he might make and​ be ready for​ them. Eventually, he will! Because he's just like us! When you​ are driving on​ "autopilot," you​ have turned control of​ your​ vehicle over to​ those other drivers - you​ are at​ their mercy. Their fate is​ your​ fate.

Rule No. 3 - Don't speed!
Driving at​ a​ higher than reasonable speed increases your​ risk in​ two ways: it​ cuts your​ reaction​ time and​ results in​ more "stored" energy (that must be dissipated in​ any collision). you​ should consider if​ the risks are worth the gain. this​ is​ the science of​ math and​ physics—you​ cannot bend these rules. Each incremental increase in​ speed reduces your​ ability to​ react in​ time to​ hazards, because you​ may be covering distance in​ less time than it​ takes to​ react. Normal reaction​ time is​ between .75 second and​ 1.5 seconds, on​ average. Average reaction​ time distance at​ 50 mph would be approximately 83 feet. at​ 70 mph, it​ is​ over 115 feet (over 7 modern car lengths). These numbers do not include braking distance, just reaction​ time. The average difference in​ reaction-time distance from 50 mph to​ 70 mph is​ about 32 feet. if​ you​ were relying solely on​ braking, any hazard you​ encounter within​ the reaction​ distance is​ already a​ problem; you​ can't react quickly enough to​ miss it. this​ is​ particularly important at​ night, when darkness restricts your​ visibility. Do you​ know at​ what distance your​ headlights will illuminate a​ hazard? How is​ your​ night vision​ these days? When headlights finally light up a​ road hazard, it​ is​ often too late to​ avoid it. Many experts would tell you​ that even 50 mph is​ too fast for​ conditions at​ night, on​ any dark roadway.

Rule No. 4 - Drive Precisely!
Sloppy driving breeds mishaps! Most everyone knows the basics of​ the traffic laws; signaling, proper lane position​ for​ turns, turning into the proper lanes, complying with traffic signs (like "No U-Turns," "No right turn on​ red," etc.), driving to​ the right except when passing, passing across double yellow stripes, really STOPPING for​ stop signs, and​ many others. Drivers ignore them for​ the sake of​ expediency every day. We are so impatient to​ get about the details of​ our lives that we don't take the time to​ do it​ "right." One estimate I've seen is​ that average drivers commit 2.5 traffic violations every mile they drive! But, those pesky, nit-picky driving rules ARE important!

Most important rule – Respect all the driving rules that your​ country’s legislation​ has.

The list could go on​ for​ yet another fifty or​ more rules, but these are considered the most important of​ them all. More rules and​ details on​ how to​ attend a​ defensive driving course can be found on​ the following sites:

www.dmv.org
www.drivinguniversity.com




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