Weight Gain Before And After

Effects of​ Weight Gain
There seems to​ be some effects that happen in​ the​ body before and after weight gain. it​ may have something to​ do with the​ way that blood flows through the​ body. But that is​ putting it​ simply. There was a​ recent study about how substantial weight gain in​ people may affect certain functions that concern the​ efficient blood flow in​ the​ body.
In a​ research report provided by the​ world renowned Mayo Clinic in​ the​ US,​ researchers have discovered that substantial weight gain may cause some impairment on​ endothelial function. the​ aim of​ the​ study was to​ learn about the​ effects of​ weight gain and subsequent weight loss to​ the​ endothelial function. Endothelial cells in​ the​ body can be found lining up the​ blood vessels. When they are not functioning properly,​ these cells can obstruct blood flow. This may eventually lead to​ a​ person suffering from a​ heart attack or​ stroke.
According to​ the​ study,​ a​ weight gain of​ nine to​ ten pounds in​ lean healthy young adults may be enough to​ impair endothelial function. This is​ considered to​ be an important finding since endothelial dysfunction is​ a​ known predictor of​ heart attacks and stroke. Its association with weight gain was not previously known.
The Mayo Clinic study was the​ first controlled,​ randomized and blinded trial that was undertaken to​ evaluate the​ effects of​ weight gain and the​ subsequent weight loss on​ endothelial function. the​ study consisted of​ getting a​ group of​ 43 lean and healthy volunteers with an average body mass index of​ between 18. 5 and 24. 9. the​ body mass index is​ a​ statistical measurement of​ a​ persons weight in​ relation to​ height. the​ average age of​ the​ volunteers was 29,​ with 42 percent of​ them being women. All the​ volunteers in​ the​ group were not taking any type of​ medication during the​ study and were nonsmokers.
The volunteer group went through a​ weight maintenance period supervised by an experienced dietician. During this period,​ the​ volunteers were randomly selected to​ either gain weight or​ maintain weight. 35 of​ the​ volunteers went into the​ weight gaining groups while the​ rest made up the​ weight maintaining group.
During the​ course of​ the​ study,​ the​ 35 volunteers gained weight for up to​ nine pounds or​ four kilograms. Their endothelial functions were then measured by means of​ ultrasound on​ the​ large vessel in​ the​ upper arm called the​ brachial artery. the​ measurements were done at​ the​ same time early in​ the​ morning and under various flow conditions.
For the​ weight gainers,​ measurements of​ the​ endothelial function was done at​ the​ start of​ the​ study,​ eight weeks after gaining weight and then 16 weeks after weight loss. the​ other group was measured at​ the​ start of​ the​ study and then eight weeks later for followup.
During the​ said study,​ the​ weight gainers put on​ an average of​ four kilos of​ weight which also increased their visceral and subcutaneous fat in​ the​ body. the​ flow measurements at​ the​ brachial artery from the​ weight gainers showed gradual decrease with the​ addition of​ weight.
But when the​ subjects went through the​ period of​ losing the​ weight they have gained during the​ study,​ the​ flow levels improved and eventually returned to​ the​ levels measured at​ the​ start of​ the​ study. This goes to​ show that endothelial function in​ the​ body may be affected before and after weight gain.

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