The Last Resort Weight Loss Surgery

Surgery is​ the​ most severe of​ the​ recommended treatments for obesity. Bariatric surgery is​ reserved for cases of​ severe obesity that have been resistant to​ all other methods of​ weight loss and weight control. There are two basic types of​ bariatric surgery (also known as​ gastrointestinal surgery),​ each with a​ different purpose.  the​ risks for both are similar,​ as​ are the​ prospective results and outcome.
Restrictive Weight Loss Surgery
The first type of​ bariatric weight loss surgery is​ 'restrictive'. it​ includes the​ well-known 'stomach stapling'. the​ purpose of​ restrictive surgery is​ to​ restrict the​ amount of​ food that can be eaten at​ one time. Doctors create a​ small pouch at​ the​ top of​ the​ stomach that holds about one ounce of​ food,​ with a​ small opening at​ the​ bottom to​ hold food in​ the​ pouch and cause a​ feeling of​ fullness. After the​ surgery,​ a​ patient can eat no more than 3/4 cup to​ a​ cup of​ well-chewed bland food at​ a​ time without becoming nauseous. the​ intent of​ the​ surgery is​ to​ reduce the​ amount of​ food eaten by restricting the​ amount of​ food that can be eaten at​ once.
Variations of​ restrictive surgery include 'lap banding',​ in​ which the​ pouch is​ created by wrapping a​ silicone band around the​ upper part of​ the​ stomach. Since there is​ no need to​ cut into the​ stomach or​ intestine,​ the​ complication rate is​ lower than in​ standard restrictive surgery,​ and the​ recovery period is​ shorter.
The second type of​ bariatric surgery for weight loss is​ the​ malabsorptive variety. These are the​ more common type of​ surgery for treatment of​ obesity. the​ most well-known of​ the​ procedures is​ the​ gastric bypass. the​ purpose of​ gastric bypass and other types of​ bypass surgery is​ to​ prevent the​ effective absorption of​ nutrients from food eaten by 'bypassing' most of​ the​ intestine in​ the​ food's path through the​ body. the​ malabsorption results in​ significant weight loss and a​ reduction of​ appetite.
The possible side effects of​ gastric bypass surgery include:
Chronic diarrhea
Stomach ulcers
Foul-smelling stools and flatulence
Risk of​ nutritional and micro-nutritional deficiencies
Dumping syndrome - symptoms include faintness,​ fainting,​ nausea,​ sweating and diarrhea after eating
Patients seeking bariatric surgery are evaluated by a​ medical professional for suitability for the​ surgery. Candidates include those who are at​ least 80-100 pounds overweight,​ and who have shown little success with traditional weight loss methods. in​ additions,​ patients who have other physical problems which require weight loss may be candidates.
If you're considering weight loss surgery,​ you must realize several things:

1. the​ risks of​ surgery are serious.
2. You will require lifelong medical supervision after the​ surgery
3. You will still need to​ make lifestyle and dietary changes.
4. Many health insurance plans will not cover it.
Be sure that you choose a​ surgeon experienced in​ bariatric techniques,​ and that you will be provided with full physical and emotional support before,​ during and after the​ surgery.

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