The History Of Computer

The History Of Computer
Uninformed researchers of​ computer (computador) history would probably note the​ first computer in​ the​ mid 1930`s .​
In reality,​ this history dates nearly 2000 years ago with the​ invention of​ the​ abacus where the​ user programmed beads using formulated constructs.
Although many historians caution against the​ use of​ the​ word computer (computador) except to​ define 20th century computers,​ a​ broader understanding illuminates an​ instrument designed by a​ Frenchman and which functioned as​ a​ calculator and was designed for a​ tax collector in​ the​ 1600`s .​
Improvements to​ this calculator continued through the​ 19th century.
Similar work was underway in​ England and with the​ support of​ the​ government a​ `mechanical` calculator was invented .​
It was powered by steam and supported a​ fixed program for its use .​
This calculator went through many changes until an​ automatic calculator was invented .​
Following this flurry of​ discovery and invention,​ little changed until the​ early 1900`s when detailed mechanical and transportation work required complex mathematical calculations (especially calculus) .​
Two Census Bureau workers began to​ look for a​ means of​ accurately calculating information .​
They conceived the​ idea of​ a​ punch card which would be inserted into the​ computer (computador),​ read,​ and stored .​
The greatest advantage of​ these still slow moving machines was the​ ability to​ store large amounts of​ information with ease and accuracy.
The early 1940`s and the​ imminent World War,​ brought the​ military into the​ computer era (computador) .​
New weapons requiring computer technology for effectiveness,​ were needed,​ designed and produced .​
These were large floor model machines and utilized the​ floor space of​ an​ average one family home (about 2,​000 square feet) .​
One independent computer (computador) was not adequate and a​ means was found to​ link computers which produced a​ more accurate and clear channel of​ information .​
These devices were not only cumbersome but they required rewiring and rechanneling for each program .​
Greater inventions were in​ progress .​
These new computers (computador) would be equipped with memory capacity and worker faster than any in​ existence at​ the​ time.
In 1947,​ the​ first modern programmable computers (computador) were designed .​
They contained RAM (Random Access Memory) and made it​ possible to​ access information in​ seconds .​
This technology continued to​ be tested and improved into the​ 1950`s when magnetic core memory and a​ transistor circuit element were discovered .​
These increased the​ memory capacity and functionality of​ the​ computers (computador) .​
On the​ down side the​ cost to​ operate these machines was astronomical .​
By nearly sheer determination alone,​ these devices evolved into amazing machines able to​ work with a​ number of​ programs simultaneously while giving the​ impression that only one program was in​ use .​
As recently as​ the​ 1960`s computers (computador) were more available and the​ price had become nearly reasonable for businesses .​
Their use however,​ was confined mostly to​ mathematically based operations such as​ billing,​ accounting,​ and payroll .​
One of​ the​ major purchasers of​ these devices was hospitals which stored date from patients,​ inventory,​ billing,​ treatments,​ and the​ like.
By the​ 1980`s smaller individual computers (computador) were being produced .​
Technology continued to​ astound the​ general public as​ the​ microchip came into existence permitting personal computers to​ be sold with accompanying program disks for downloading .​
a​ glance around most medium to​ large companies would reveal many desk top computers in​ use .​
It would be impossible to​ track the​ history of​ computers (computador) without acknowledging Apple Computer and IBM for their leading edge and evolving technology .​
Radio Shack coupled with Apple Computer (computador) produced video games for the​ computer (a move from the​ arcade).
The ability for businesses and individuals to​ access the​ worldwide web gave birth to​ new and innovative marketing and communication with inquirers and/or clients .​
Today it​ is​ inconceivable that one attempt to​ research something on​ line and not find multiple references there .​
The momentum has only continued to​ mount and new upgrades are available nearly by the​ day .​
This article is​ under GNU FDL license and can be distributed without any previous authorization from the​ author .​
However the​ author's name and all the​ URLs (links) mentioned in​ the​ article and biography must be kept.

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