The Collie Dog

The Collie Dog



THE COLLIE DOG .​
The Collie dog makes an​ excellent sporting dog,​ and can be taught to​ do the​ work of​ the​ Pointer and the​ Setter,​ as​ well as​ that of​ the​ Water Spaniel and the​ Retriever .​
He can be trained to​ perform the​ duties of​ other breeds .​
He is​ clever at​ hunting,​ having an​ excellent nose,​ is​ a​ good vermin-killer,​ and a​ most faithful watch,​ guard,​ and companion .​
Little is​ known with certainty of​ the​ origin of​ the​ Collie,​ but his cunning and his outward appearance would seem to​ indicate a​ relationship with the​ wild dog .​
Buffon was of​ opinion that he was the​ true dog of​ nature,​ the​ stock and model of​ the​ whole canine species .​
He considered the​ Sheepdog superior in​ instinct and intelligence to​ all other breeds,​ and that,​ with a​ character in​ which education has comparatively little share,​ he is​ the​ only animal born perfectly trained for the​ service of​ man .​
At the​ shows this type of​ dog is​ invariably at​ the​ top of​ the​ class .​
He is​ considered the​ most tractable,​ and is​ certainly the​ most agile .​
Second to​ this type in​ favour is​ the​ smooth-coated variety,​ a​ very hard,​ useful dog,​ well adapted for hill work and usually very fleet of​ foot .​
He is​ not so sweet in​ temper as​ the​ black and white,​ and is​ slow to​ make friends .​
There is​ not a​ more graceful and physically beautiful dog to​ be seen than the​ show Collie of​ the​ present period .​
Produced from the​ old working type,​ he is​ now practically a​ distinct breed .​

The skull should be flat,​ moderately wide between the​ ears,​ and gradually tapering towards the​ eyes .​
There should only be a​ slight depression at​ stop .​
The width of​ skull necessarily depends upon combined length of​ skull and muzzle; and the​ whole must be considered in​ connection with the​ size of​ the​ dog .​
The cheek should not be full or​ prominent .​

The muzzle should be of​ fair length,​ tapering to​ the​ nose,​ and must not show weakness or​ be snipy or​ lippy .​
Whatever the​ colour of​ the​ dog may be,​ the​ nose must be black .​
The teeth should be of​ good size,​ sound and level; very slight unevenness is​ permissible .​
The jaws Clean cut and powerful .​
The eyes are a​ very important feature,​ and give expression to​ the​ dog; they should be of​ medium size,​ set somewhat obliquely,​ of​ almond shape,​ and of​ a​ brown colour except in​ the​ case of​ merles,​ when the​ eyes are frequently (one or​ both) blue and white or​ china; expression full of​ intelligence,​ with a​ quick alert look when listening .​
The ears should be small and moderately wide at​ the​ base,​ and placed not too close together but on​ the​ top of​ the​ skull and not on​ the​ side of​ the​ head .​
When in​ repose they should be usually carried thrown back,​ but when on​ the​ alert brought forward and carried semi-erect,​ with tips slightly drooping in​ attitude of​ listening .​

The neck should be muscular,​ powerful and of​ fair length,​ and somewhat arched .​
the​ body should be strong,​ with well sprung ribs,​ chest deep,​ fairly broad behind the​ shoulders,​ which should be sloped,​ loins very powerful .​
The dog should be straight in​ front .​
The fore-legs should be straight and muscular,​ neither in​ nor out at​ elbows,​ with a​ fair amount of​ bone; the​ forearm somewhat fleshy,​ the​ pasterns showing flexibility without weakness .​
The hind-legs should be muscular at​ the​ thighs,​ clean and sinewy below the​ hocks,​ with well bent stifles .​
The feet should be oval in​ shape,​ soles well padded,​ and the​ toes arched and close together .​

In general character he is​ a​ lithe active dog,​ his deep chest showing lung power,​ his neck strength,​ his sloping shoulders and well bent hocks indicating speed,​ and his expression high intelligence .​
He should be a​ fair length on​ the​ leg,​ giving him more of​ a​ racy than a​ cloddy appearance .​
In a​ few words,​ a​ Collie should show endurance,​ activity,​ and intelligence,​ with free and true action .​
In height dogs should be 22 ins .​
to​ 24 ins .​
at​ the​ shoulders,​ bitches 20 ins .​
to​ 22 ins .​
The weight for dogs is​ 45 to​ 65 lbs.,​ bitches 40 to​ 55 lbs .​
The smooth collie only differs from the​ rough in​ its coat,​ which should be hard,​ dense and quite smooth .​




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