Liposuction A Weight Loss Method

Liposuction A Weight Loss Method

Liposuction is​ a​ cosmetic surgery employed to​ remove excess fat from body parts. it​ is​ also called lipoplasty,​ suction lipectomy,​ liposculpture or​ fat suction.

Generally the​ fat is​ removed from thighs,​ chin,​ buttocks,​ lovehandles (abdomen),​ breasts and stomach for women and chin,​ waist,​ breasts and buttocks for men.

This surgical procedure is​ not an​ alternative to​ exercise and dieting and should be used only to​ remove the​ stubborn fat that does not respond to​ exercises and diet.

Liposuction is​ not a​ weight loss method but a​ method to​ remove excess fat. 10-15 pounds of​ fat is​ removed generally. However,​ taking out of​ large amounts of​ fat can be dangerous at​ times.

There are many types of​ liposuction performed today like traditional liposuction,​ tumescent liposuction,​ ultrasound liposuction,​ superwet liposuction. All these methods employ a​ cannula (a blunt straw like tube) for suction of​ fat.

Saline water is​ injected into the​ space between muscle and fat to​ separate them. if​ the​ amount of​ saline water is​ less than the​ amount of​ fat to​ be removed it​ is​ called traditional liposuction.

If the​ saline water is​ 3 to​ 4 times the​ volume of​ fat to​ be removed it​ is​ called tumescent liposuction. Adding extra water assists the​ surgeon in​ moving the​ cannula back and forth to​ break up the​ fat cells. However excess water may affect the​ homeostasis of​ the​ body. in​ super wet liposuction the​ amount of​ saline water is​ the​ same as​ the​ amount of​ fat to​ be removed. This is​ the​ most popular surgical method used by surgeons.

In ultrasonic liposuction the​ fat is​ initially liquefied by ultrasound before being suctioned out. However,​ ultrasound methods are not popular as​ they sometime lead to​ necrosis (death of​ skin) and seromas (collection of​ yellow fluid in​ pockets).

In all types of​ liposuction either local anesthesia or​ general anesthesia is​ used. the​ usual anesthetic used is​ lidocaine. Epinephrine is​ also used in​ liposuction to​ reduce blood loss.

To perform liposuction the​ patient must be over 18 and in​ good health with elastic skin. if​ the​ skin is​ not sufficiently elastic the​ excess skin may have to​ be removed after liposuction. Generally the​ excess skin is​ removed from abdomen called abdominoplasty or​ tummy tuck. This leaves scar marks on​ the​ skin.

Diabetics and patients on​ antibiotics are advised not to​ undergo liposuction. Before operation the​ patient should not have taken any anticoagulants like warfarin,​ phenindione etc.

If general anesthesia is​ given the​ patient has to​ fast on​ the​ night before the​ operation. if​ local anesthesia is​ given there is​ no requirement of​ fasting. Smoking and drinking etc should be avoided.

The incisions are usually less than an​ inch. After operation the​ excess fluid takes days to​ weeks to​ drain out. During that time antibiotics and/or pain killers are prescribed.

Patient recovery varies from days to​ 2 months. as​ with all surgeries there are surgical risks in​ liposuction too. There are minor risk,​ up to​ 0.7%,​ of​ side effects like internal organs being scraped,​ seromas,​ necrosis,​ excessive bleeding etc.

Liposuction is​ not a​ weight loss method and the​ patient should expect realistic and not dramatic changes in​ appearance.

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