With The Deck Of Casino Cards To The School Blackboard Part Two

With The Deck Of Casino Cards To The School Blackboard Part Two

The other deck of​ XVIII century was described by Breitkopf: "this deck has four suits: Ven (civil),​ Woo (military),​ Co (science),​ Juan (àcademy),​ nine cards each suit. Each card has a​ corresponding title within this suit. in​ such a​ way we​ have the​ most important ranks of​ the​ civil hierarchy and in​ particular the​ most important officers from minor to​ senior".

Prunner has distinguished three main elements in​ the​ Chinese cards of​ XVII: literary quotations; toasts and wishes; suits in​ the​ form of​ monetary denomination (from hundred thousands and tens of​ thousands to​ hundreds and coins). Later on​ the​ officials and toasts disappeared from the​ cards and only citation and money remained. the​ most famous Chinese cards are money cards. the​ value of​ the​ card is​ determined by the​ denomination of​ the​ money cord.

The most ancient Japanese cards were produced from the​ shells and were intended for literary entertainments of​ the​ educated public. the​ lines from the​ poems were depicted on​ the​ shells. the​ aim of​ the​ game was to​ correctly combine the​ shells (to compose a​ poem). This game was a​ predecessor of​ the​ game called "one hundred poets". the​ classical collection of​ poems of​ hundred of​ poets of​ VII-XIII centuries was presented on​ these cards in​ the​ following manner: one card with an​ image of​ the​ poet,​ the​ other one with a​ line or​ lines from his poem. the​ players should properly match the​ cards.

Heraldic cards.
Their appearance in​ XVII century is​ associated with the​ name of​ Claude Oronce Fine,​ who published one of​ the​ first decks with coat of​ arms under the​ pseudonym of​ de Brainville in​ 1660 in​ Lion: Jeu de Blason,​ Father Menestrier,​ who issued the​ same deck of​ cards a​ couple years later,​ tells about the​ first unexpected troubles of​ Fine: some princes were seriously offended that they were depicted as​ jacks and aces. the​ cards were confiscated by the​ magistrate and Fine had to​ change the​ pictures. However,​ soon the​ author of​ the​ deck became very successful and the​ cards were reissued with new coat of​ arms. a​ community of​ young noblemen called "Armorists" was formed in​ Naples; they studied coat of​ arms of​ numerous noble families. From Naples the​ idea reached Venice. in​ 1682 Benedictine,​ Dom Kasimir Frescott,​ offered to​ the​ Doge of​ Venice and to​ the​ senate Venetian the​ deck with coat of​ arms of​ Venetian noblemen. the​ supplementary book to​ the​ deck said: "Virtue in​ game or​ famous Venetians from patrician families".
Decks of​ historic gambling cards.
The subject of​ the​ pictures on​ the​ cards were historical personalities. Depicting of​ the​ heroes of​ the​ ancient times (Alexander the​ Great,​ Caesar,​ Carl the​ Great,​ etc.) as​ card kings,​ antique goddesses and great women (Athena,​ Jeanne d'Arc,​ Judith and others.) as​ queens,​ outstanding brave men (Hector,​ Decius,​ Lancelot,​ etc.) as​ jacks - became a​ tradition almost from the​ very birth of​ the​ cards production in​ Europe. the​ artists painted the​ card characters similar to​ real life modern monarchs,​ commanders and their ladyloves of​ their times (Karl VII,​ Agnes Sorel etc.). For example,​ in​ time of​ the​ Great French revolution,​ the​ monarchs on​ the​ cards were replaced with free-thinkers and tyrant fighters: Voltaire,​ Hannibal,​ Horace,​ La Fontaine,​ Moliere,​ Rousseau,​ Saint-Simon. Many cards of​ great art value were painted by the​ famous artists and engravers on​ the​ order of​ the​ high and mighties. So,​ the​ cards present a​ priceless historical material that enables to​ conduct numerous researches and studies.

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