What Makes An Ideal Kitchen

What Makes An Ideal Kitchen

It is​ a​ mistake to​ suppose that any room, however small and unpleasantly situated, is​ good enough for a​ kitchen. This is​ the room where housekeepers pass a​ great portion of​ their time, and it​ should be one of​ the brightest and most convenient rooms in​ the house; for upon the results of​ no other department depend so greatly the health and comfort of​ the family as​ upon those involved in​ this household workshop.
Every kitchen should have windows on two sides of​ the room, and the sun should have free entrance through them; the windows should open from the top to​ allow a​ complete change of​ air, for light and fresh air are among the chief essentials to​ success in​ all departments of​ the household. Good drainage should also be provided, and the ventilation of​ the kitchen ought to​ be even more carefully attended to​ than that of​ a​ sleeping room. The ventilation of​ the kitchen should be so ample as​ to​ thoroughly remove all gases and odors, which, together with steam from boiling and other cooking processes, generally invade and render to​ some degree unhealthful every other portion of​ the house.
There should be ample space for tables, chairs, range, sink, and cupboards, yet the room should not be so large as​ to​ necessitate too many steps. Undoubtedly much of​ the distaste for, and neglect of, housework, so often deplored, arises from unpleasant surroundings. if​ the kitchen be light, airy, and tidy, and the utensils bright and clean, the work of​ compounding those articles of​ food which grace the table and satisfy the appetite will be a​ pleasant task.
It is​ desirable, from a​ sanitary standpoint, that the kitchen floor be made impervious to​ moisture; hence, concrete or​ tile floors are better than wooden floors. Cleanliness is​ the great desideratum, and this can be best attained by having all woodwork in​ and about the kitchen coated with polish; substances which cause stain and grease spots, do not penetrate the wood when polished, and can be easily removed with a​ damp cloth.
The elements of​ beauty should not be lacking in​ the kitchen. Pictures and fancy articles are inappropriate; but a​ few pots of​ easily cultivated flowers on the window ledge or​ arranged upon brackets about the window in​ winter, and a​ window box arranged as​ a​ jardiniere, with vines and blooming plants in​ summer, will greatly brighten the room, and thus serve to​ lighten the task of​ those whose daily labor confines them to​ the precincts of​ the kitchen.
The kitchen furniture.

The furniture for a​ kitchen should not be cumbersome, and should be so made and dressed as​ to​ be easily cleaned. There should be plenty of​ cupboards, and each for the sake of​ order, should be devoted to​ a​ special purpose. Cupboards with sliding doors are much superior to​ closets. They should be placed upon casters so as​ to​ be easily moved, as​ they, are thus not only more convenient, but admit of​ more thorough cleanliness.
Cupboards used for the storage of​ food should be well ventilated; otherwise, they furnish choice conditions for the development of​ mold and germs. Movable cupboards may be ventilated by means of​ openings in​ the top, and doors covered with very fine wire gauze which will admit the air but keep out flies and dust.
For ordinary kitchen uses, small tables of​ suitable height on easyrolling casters, and with zinc tops, are the most convenient and most easily kept clean. it​ is​ quite as​ well that they be made without drawers, which are too apt to​ become receptacles for a​ heterogeneous mass of​ rubbish. if​ desirable to​ have some handy place for keeping articles which are frequently required for use, an arrangement similar to​ that represented in​ the accompanying cut may be made at​ very small expense. it​ may be also an advantage to​ arrange small shelves about and above the range, on which may be kept various articles necessary for cooking purposes.
One of​ the most indispensable articles of​ furnishing for a​ wellappointed kitchen, is​ a​ sink; however, a​ sink must be properly constructed and well cared for, or​ it​ is​ likely to​ become a​ source of​ great danger to​ the health of​ the inmates of​ the household. The sink should if​ possible stand out from the wall, so as​ to​ allow free access to​ all sides of​ it​ for the sake of​ cleanliness. The pipes and fixtures should be selected and placed by a​ competent plumber.
Great pains should be taken to​ keep the pipes clean and well disinfected. Refuse of​ all kinds should be kept out. Thoughtless housekeepers and careless domestics often allow greasy water and bits of​ table waste to​ find their way into the pipes. Drain pipes usually have a​ bend, or​ trap, through which water containing no sediment flows freely; but the melted grease which often passes into the pipes mixed with hot water, becomes cooled and solid as​ it​ descends, adhering to​ the pipes, and gradually accumulating until the drain is​ blocked, or​ the water passes through very slowly. a​ greaselined pipe is​ a​ hotbed for disease germs.

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