Vitamin B A Complex Mix

Vitamin B A Complex Mix

Vitamin B is​ more often referred to​ today as​ the​ B vitamins to​ better relate that it​ is​ actually a​ group of​ 8 different vitamins,​ with varying functions and sources. B vitamins,​ like vitamin C,​ are water soluble,​ which means that extra levels of​ B vitamins are excreted by the​ body,​ though small amounts are stored in​ the​ liver and toxicity,​ while rare,​ is​ possible.

Most people will recognize many of​ the​ B vitamins by name. They include thiamine,​ riboflavin,​ and niacin (B1,​ 2,​ and 3,​ respectively),​ as​ well as​ folic acid (B9). the​ other four B vitamins are less commonly referred to​ and are: pyridoxine (B6),​ cyanocobalamin (B12),​ pantothenic acid,​ and biotin.

The B vitamins serve many functions in​ the​ body,​ including the​ breakdown of​ different kinds of​ foods into energy,​ maintenance and protection of​ the​ nervous system,​ production of​ blood cells,​ and maintenance of​ healthy skin.

Deficiencies of​ most B vitamins are rare,​ because they are found in​ many different food sources. While sources abound though,​ deficiencies can exist if​ someone has a​ condition that affects their ability to​ absorb or​ use B vitamins. Whole grain breads and cereals contain thiamine,​ riboflavin,​ pyridoxine,​ pantothenic acid and folic acid. Milk contains riboflavin,​ niacin,​ and vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin). Foods with lots of​ protein like eggs and meats contain B vitamins,​ especially red and organ meats.

Alcoholics,​ along with being susceptible to​ many other health problems,​ can be vulnerable to​ thiamine deficiency,​ also known as​ beriberi. Alcohol prevents the​ body from properly absorbing thiamine and many alcoholics also do not eat otherwise healthy diets,​ so they are doubly prone to​ lacking this and other vitamins.

Riboflavin is​ very active in​ the​ maintenance of​ skin and other tissues,​ so deficiency of​ this vitamin can cause skin lesions and dermatitis. There has been a​ lot in​ the​ news in​ the​ past couple of​ years about the​ importance of​ folic acid for women of​ child bearing age. Women who have adequate levels of​ folic acid when they get pregnant are less likely to​ have babies with neural tube defects. the​ folic acid must be present before pregnancy because these types of​ birth defects occur in​ the​ first weeks of​ pregnancy,​ and oftentimes women will not even know they are pregnant yet.

You may have heard of​ people getting B12 shots because of​ a​ deficiency of​ this vitamin called pernicious anemia. This occurs particularly in​ people over 60,​ because as​ we​ age,​ our stomachs have less ability to​ produce the​ substance intrinsic factor,​ which must combine with B12 taken through food or​ oral supplements in​ order to​ be absorbed by the​ body.

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