Treatments For Bipolar Disorder

Treatments For Bipolar Disorder

Treatments for​ Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder, or​ manic depression, is​ a​ mental illness which causes mood swings and​ mood cycling .​
Mood cycling refers to​ the​ transition between mania and​ depression .​
Mania, or​ manic episodes, typically consist of​ feelings of​ elation and​ invincibility, and​ cause disorientation, lack of​ sleep, and​ obsessive behaviors .​
Depression typically consists of​ feelings of​ overwhelming sadness and​ low self worth.
There are many treatments available for​ bipolar disorder, ranging from medications to​ therapy .​
There are too many medications to​ be discussed here in​ depth .​
There are also many forms therapy can take, and​ techniques that can be learned to​ assist the​ patient in​ gaining some control over their bipolar disorder.
Typically, bipolar disorder is​ treated with more than one medication .​
This is​ due to​ the​ dual nature of​ bipolar disorder .​
Most patients need at​ least two medications: one to​ control depression and​ one to​ control mania .​
the​ combination of​ these two types of​ medication works to​ obtain balance in​ moods and​ stop mood cycling .​
Often, a​ third medication, called a​ mood stabilizer, is​ also prescribed .​
the​ most common mood stabilizer is​ Topomax.
Popular medications for​ treatment of​ mania in​ bipolar patients include lithium, valproate (Depakote), carbamazepine (Tegretol), olanzapine (Zyprexa), and​ ziprasidone (Geodon) .​
Lithium has long been considered the​ miracle drug of​ bipolar disorder .​
It is​ a​ sodium based medication that helps to​ balance the​ chemical imbalance in​ the​ brain that causes manic episodes in​ bipolar patients .​

Valproate, or​ Depakote, was originally developed as​ a​ seizure medication .​
However, its effects on bipolar patients who have rapid cycling bipolar (moods that cycle every few hours or​ days rather than weeks or​ months), it​ has been quite effective .​
Carbamazepine, or​ Tegretol, is​ another anti-seizure medication .​
While it​ appears to​ have similar effects on bipolar disorder as​ Depakote, it​ has not yet been approved by the​ Food and​ Drug Administration for​ use as​ a​ bipolar disorder treatment .​

Olanzapine, or​ Zyprexa, and​ Ziprasidone, or​ Geodon, are both anti-psychotic drugs, and​ are particularly effective for​ treatment of​ bipolar disorder in​ which mania becomes so severe that psychotic symptoms are present.
Medications for​ treatment of​ depression are called anti-depressants .​
Common anti-depressants include citalopram (Celexa), escitalopram (Lexapro), fluoxetine (Prozac), paroxetine (Paxil), and​ sertraline (Zoloft) .​
All of​ these medications have been proven to​ be successful treatments for​ depression, although Celexa and​ Prozac are the​ most commonly prescribed.
Typically, treatment of​ bipolar disorder includes a​ combination of​ medications and​ therapy, or​ counseling .​
However, in​ some cases, medication may not be necessary for​ milder cases of​ bipolar disorder .​
In other cases, medication may not be desired by the​ patient, and​ the​ patient may wish to​ seek out other alternatives to​ medication for​ treatment of​ their bipolar disorder.
For these patients, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) can be quite effective .​
CBT is​ a​ method of​ bipolar disorder treatment that involves teaching the​ patient techniques to​ recognize triggers and​ symptoms of​ their mood cycling, and​ use that information and​ recognition to​ prevent the​ triggers from occurring, or​ the​ mood cycling from being quite as​ severe .​
Most of​ these techniques require the​ patient to​ develop cognitive thinking skills as​ well as​ critical thinking and​ problem solving capabilities .​
if​ the​ bipolar disorder is​ severe to​ the​ point that the​ patient is​ unable to​ engage in​ these thinking abilities and​ skills, CBT may not be a​ viable form of​ treatment in​ and​ of​ itself.
Overall, there are many treatments available for​ bipolar disorder .​
There are many options for​ the​ patient that can be discussed with the​ patient's doctors .​
if​ a​ patient is​ not satisfied with the​ form their treatment is​ taking, they should discuss it​ with their doctor, and​ not be afraid to​ change doctors in​ order to​ change treatment methods .​
All in​ all, effective and​ successful treatment of​ bipolar disorder rests in​ the​ hands of​ the​ patient.

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