Treatment Options For People With Lung Cancer

Treatment Options For People With Lung Cancer



Several lung cancer treatments are currently available and​ the​ determination as​ to​ which one is​ prescribed depends on the​ lung cancer stage that has been diagnosed, the​ location of​ the​ cancer, and​ the​ patient’s health. the​ most common treatments for​ lung cancer include Surgery, Radiation, Chemotherapy, and​ Targeted Therapy.

Surgery

Surgery involves cutting away a​ cancerous tumor and​ a​ portion of​ the​ tissue that has surrounded the​ tumor. Sometimes the​ surgical treatment involves removal of​ the​ entire affected lung. Surgery is​ often effective, but recovery time can be long. Because the​ surgeon will have to​ cut through the​ rib cage to​ get to​ the​ lungs, there will be pain and​ bed rest for​ one to​ two months after the​ procedure.

In addition to​ traditional surgical methods, other types of​ surgical procedures can be used depending on the​ location of​ the​ tumor and​ also the​ patient’s physical condition. a​ craniotomy, which is​ basically surgery performed through a​ hole made to​ the​ skull can be prescribed to​ tumors located in​ the​ brain. for​ small tumors, a​ procedure whereby a​ video camera is​ inserted into a​ tiny incision helps the​ surgeon zero in​ on a​ tumor. Because the​ incision is​ small, pain is​ generally reduced.

Radiation

Radiation can either be used by itself or​ in​ conjunction with a​ surgical procedure. Radiation can be beamed directly at​ the​ cancerous tumor from the​ outside of​ the​ body using a​ laser, or​ radiation can be delivered directly to​ the​ tumor via a​ small pellet. When a​ patient’s overall state of​ health is​ poor, radiation is​ a​ better alternative than undergoing a​ surgical procedure. in​ cases where surgery has been performed, radiation might also be prescribed as​ a​ way to​ remove the​ cancerous cells that for​ whatever reason could not be surgically removed. Radiation to​ remove brain tumors can result in​ changing the​ brain’s functionality later on, but may be the​ only option.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is​ actually a​ drug that works to​ remove cancer by way of​ the​ bloodstream. Chemotherapy drugs can be taken either orally or​ administered via an​ injection into a​ vein. Because the​ bloodstream can carry the​ drug throughout the​ body, Chemotherapy is​ often the​ preferred treatment when lung cancer has spread well beyond the​ lungs. One problem associated with chemotherapy is​ that it​ can also cause damage to​ healthy cells and​ the​ cells that produce blood that reside within the​ bone marrow. Low blood counts can lead to​ a​ number of​ different problems so Chemotherapy treatment must be closely monitored.

Targeted Therapy

Targeted Therapy is​ a​ relatively new treatment option that does show promise. Instead of​ focusing on destroying damaged cells (which can also damage healthy cells), these drugs instead are designed to​ interfere with a​ cancerous cell’s ability to​ grow. Right now, Targeted Therapy drugs are given to​ patients only after other treatment options have been attempted. and​ unfortunately, Targeted Therapy has not been effective for​ all patients.

Each lung cancer treatment option has benefits, risks and​ frequently, side effects. Deciding which option is​ best is​ something that only a​ doctor and​ patient can determine.




Related Articles:




Powered by Blogger.