Treatment For Amd

Treatment For Amd



Till now there is​ no effective cure for​ age-related macular degeneration. This is​ mainly because little is​ known about the​ cause of​ age-related macular degeneration. Several new treatments are in​ the​ clinical stage and​ most of​ the​ existing treatments only delay the​ progress of​ the​ disease.

Dry AMD: There is​ no effective cure for​ dry AMD but if​ detected at​ the​ initial or​ intermediate stage further advancement of​ the​ disease can be delayed. Vitamins are prescribed for​ delaying the​ advancement of​ the​ disease from the​ intermediate stage to​ advanced stage. Several treatments are in​ the​ experimental stage.

The Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) of​ National Eye Institute in​ 2001 released a​ report after conducting a​ study on 5,000 individuals suffering from AMD. the​ report says that a​ specific high-dose formulation of​ antioxidants and​ zinc can considerably reduce the​ advancement of​ dry AMD from intermediate to​ advanced stage. the​ supplements will not restore vision or​ cure AMD but will effectively check its progress. it​ is​ wise to​ take the​ vitamin after consulting an​ ophthalmologist.

Wet AMD: Photodynamic therapy, laser treatment, and​ injections are the​ major treatments for​ wet AMD. Photo dynamic therapy (PDT) is​ highly effective, if​ Wet AMD is​ detected early. Visudyne, a​ light sensitive dye, is​ injected into the​ body. This dye sticks to​ the​ lining of​ the​ abnormal blood vessels in​ the​ retina. the​ dye is​ then activated with light and​ this destroys the​ abnormal blood vessels. the​ treatment involves no pain and​ is​ usually performed at​ the​ doctor’s officer or​ eye clinic.

The advantage of​ this treatment is​ that it​ does not destroy healthy tissue. Lower back pain is​ a​ side effect associated with this treatment. After the​ treatment, the​ skin and​ the​ eyes should not be exposed to​ light for​ five days. This treatment doest not bring back the​ lost vision or​ stops vision loss. it​ only slows the​ rate of​ progress of​ wet AMD. the​ effect of​ photodynamic is​ temporary and​ should be repeated.

Laser treatment, also known as​ laser photocoagulation, is​ used to​ seal the​ leaking of​ the​ abnormal blood vessels and​ to​ stop their further growth. This treatment is​ found to​ be effective in​ 15% of​ the​ patients. in​ this treatment high energy light is​ passed on to​ the​ abnormal blood vessels. This treatment is​ usually performed at​ an​ eye clinic or​ at​ the​ doctor’s office.

Side effects include loss of​ some vision and​ damage to​ healthy tissue. Laser photocoagulation treatment does not provide a​ complete cure and​ the​ blood vessels can grow again in​ a​ later stage.

Injections into the​ eye are a​ new form of​ treatment. the​ drug used is​ Macugen, which was approved in​ the​ United States in​ December 2004. the​ drug hampers the​ growth of​ abnormal blood vessels. the​ injection need to​ be administered every six weeks. Like other treatments, macugen only slows the​ progress of​ age-related macular degeneration.

Several new treatments are in​ the​ experimental stage and​ some of​ them have got approval. Several angiostatic therapies and​ combination therapies are in​ clinical trial and​ it​ is​ expected that a​ breakthrough in​ the​ treatment of​ AMD will be achieved soon. Individuals can take part in​ these clinical trials after going through the​ necessary formalities.




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