The Civil Service Retirement System

The Civil Service Retirement System

The Civil Service Retirement System
The Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) began in​ 1920 and has given disability, survivor and retirement benefits for the majority of​ civilian employees in​ the Federal government until 1987 when the new Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) was created .​
Nevertheless, over two million people carry on receiving Civil Service Retirement System retirement and survivor benefits every month.
Retirement benefits are presently financed by both Government and employee contributions to​ the retirement fund, and the benefits are provided based on the duration of​ service and the average pay over the highest three years of​ pay.
What are the eligibility requirements for Civil Service Retirement System benefits? An employee is​ qualified to​ retire voluntarily if​ the following provisions are met: at​ least five years of​ creditable civilian service; is​ separated from a​ position subject to​ Civil Service Retirement System coverage; is​ covered by Civil Service Retirement System for at​ least one year within the two-year period immediately preceding the separation; and meets age/service combinations of​ age 55 with 30 years of​ service, or​ age 60 with 20 years of​ service, or​ age 62 with five years of​ service.
For employees who separate from service and have met the criteria except for the age/service combination may be permitted to​ a​ deferred annuity at​ age sixty-two .​
To be qualified, the employee must not take a​ refund of​ retirement deductions upon separation.
In determining the service which may be used for an​ employee’s eligibility for retirement under the Civil Service Retirement System, is​ not restricted to​ service in​ positions subject to​ CSRS retirement deductions, it​ may also comprise service where the pay of​ the employee is​ not subject to​ retirement deductions, such as​ under a​ temporary appointment.
Honorable active military service may also be qualified, subject to​ conditions: it​ was executed before the separation date upon which is​ the basis for entitlement to​ annuity; it​ is​ not comprised in​ computation of​ military retired pay except for certain service-connected disability requirements; if​ the military service was executed after December 31, 1956, some employees will have to​ create a​ deposit for the service to​ receive firstly or​ for other employees, to​ retain credit after the age of​ sixty-two.
Although the service used in​ determining an​ employee’s eligibility for retirement is​ typically the same as​ creditable service for computation purposes, there are some exceptions: periods of​ CSRS service refunded, will not be creditable unless a​ redeposit is​ made; if​ the refunded service was executed before October 1, 1990, it​ will be qualified even if​ no redeposit is​ made but the annuity will be actuarially decreased; non-education service is​ made on or​ October 1, 1982, is​ not qualified if​ a​ deposit has not been made.
October 1, 1982 prior service is​ creditable by the annuity will be decreased by ten percent of​ amount owed; active military service executed after December 31, 1956 is​ not creditable for employees first employed in​ a​ covered position after September 30, 1982 except if​ a​ military deposit for the service is​ made; and unused sick leave is​ commendable in​ computing benefits.
Sick leave is​ changed into days or​ months of​ service using the Sick Leave Chart in​ the OPM operating manual, but it​ can never be used for eligibility.

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