The 3 Causes Of Wrinkles And Their Effects On Your Skin

The 3 Causes Of Wrinkles And Their Effects On Your Skin



According to​ specialists of​ dermatology,​ you don't have to​ pay a​ fortune for great anti-aging skincare. Go for products you can afford and understand. There's enormous confusion about skincare,​ and some outrageous prices being charged for creams that lack vital ingredients,​ such as​ sunscreens and this is​ no good at​ all. the​ big question is,​ will any cream ever erase lines as​ well as​ Botox? Dermatologists say there's no such thing as​ a​ miracle in​ a​ jar. However,​ cosmeceuticals - cosmetics that have advanced medical-like effects - do contain active ingredients that can make significant difference to​ your skin,​ and can help lay a​ good foundation to​ your beauty future.

According to​ dermatology experts,​ if​ you're worried about wrinkles you need to​ get serious about skincare,​ use the​ right creams for you and,​ crucially,​ give them time to​ work. a​ slapdash approach means you're wasting you're time. Lines and wrinkles can only be lessened by consciencious care and daily ritual. Another classic mistake is​ slathering skin care products on​ thickly. Don't over do it.
A pea-size blob of​ cream may be enough for your face without clogging pores. Be prepared to​ experiment with new formulas as​ your skin changes.

What makes the​ skin wrinkle?

Our skin is​ devided into three layers. the​ deepest is​ a​ layer of​ subcutaneous tissue,​ to​ which the​ whole skin structure is​ attached. the​ middle layer is​ the​ dermis,​ where cells called fibroblasts produce collagen fibres - supporting proteins that help to​ keep skin plump and elastic. Above this lies the​ top layer,​ or​ epidermis. Here,​ mast cells divide gradually and migrate upwards towards the​ skin's surface. These are surrounded by natural compounds called epidermal lipids (or fats),​ including ceramide,​ which forms a​ 'glue' that hold cells tightly in​ place,​ like cement in​ brick wall.

The collagen bundles in​ the​ dermis work like springs in​ a​ mattress to​ support the​ skin's surface. But when collagen is​ damaged ,​ troughs open up between the​ bundles,​ the​ upper layers of​ tissue collapse into these troughs,​ and lines,​ wrinkles or​ folds can develop. By the​ time you see a​ wrinkle,​ underlying skin has already lost collagen and elastin - its 'snap-back' factor. Collagen is​ damaged,​ by various factors. Some are inevitable (such as​ ageing),​ and some can be lessened,​ if​ not prevented.
What are the​ main culprits,​ and what can you do about it?

CAUSE: the​ enviroment
EFFECT:Brow and eye creases,​ fine lines fanning over cheekbones,​ rings and criss-crosses at​ the​ back of​ the​ neck

New research by the​ British Skin Fundation found that 80 per cent of​ us don't always use a​ sunscreen abroad,​ let alone on​ a​ sunny day in​ UK. Sun damages DNA so cells can't replicate properly. if​ that cell blueprint is​ changed in​ any way,​ it​ can lead to​ blotchy skin,​ lines and wrinkles. at​ the​ same time,​ UV boosts enzymes known as​ MMPs,​ which help to​ tidy up old collagen,​ but can become so agreessive that they destroy fresh collagen,​ too.

Smoking in​ the​ sun is​ especially bad news. Even second-hand smoke is​ harmful to​ skin. Exhaled smoke contains significant levels of​ nicotine,​ tar,​ nitric oxide and carbon monoxide,​ which disrupt and weaken the​ skin's barrier,​ leading to​ collagen breakdown. Smoking causes blood vessels to​ constrict,​ which limits the​ amount of​ oxygen reaching the​ skin. This lack of​ oxygen reduces collagen and elastin production. Smoking stimulates the​ MMPs to​ degrade collagen - just like the​ sun does.

CAUSE: Facial expressions,​ stress
EFFECT: Frown lines,​ crows feet,​ smile lines

Expression lines equal character. Even Hollywood directors have started to​ complain that Botox has robbed some star's faces of​ real emotion. While channelling the​ angst may help divas to​ win an​ Oscar,​ it​ doesn't do their skin any real-life favours. Stress triggers corrosive hormones including 'killer' cortisols that not only hamper immunity,​ but also increase moisture loss,​ leaving skin drier and more line-prone. Clenched muscles in​ the​ neck,​ shoulders and jaw - where so many of​ us hold our stress- limits blood and oxygen supply to​ the​ skin on​ our faces. But a​ furrowed brow is​ the​ most obvious sign of​ stress. Constantly pleating the​ skin through frowning causes micro-tears (minute stress tears). the​ knock-on effect is​ inflammation,​ which damages collagen,​ making skin appear less plump.
Not only expression lines are stress-driven,​ however. Where skin is​ constantly mobile - such as​ round the​ eyes and mouth - creases are inevitable. So what about damage limitation? Invest in​ sunglasses. Wrap-around frames with wide sides provide excellent UV protection,​ and can save a​ fortune in​ Botox!

CAUSE: Ageing
EFFECT: Crepey skin,​ deeper eye creases,​ nose-to-mouth lines,​ marionette (mouth to​ chin) lines,​lip lines,​ neck rings

Great skin is​ in​ your genes but even if​ you are one of​ the​ lucky ones,​ don't take it​ for granted. After all,​ hereditary ageing may only account for 20 per cent of​ total skin ageing. This intensifies from our mid-thirties,​ when protein levels in​ our skin begin to​ decline by a​ steady one per cent each year. Later,​ the​ oestrogen slump after the​ menopause more than doubles the​ rate at​ which protein declines - we​ lose a​ staggering 30 per cent of​ collagen proteins in​ the​ first five years,​ resulting in​ a​ two per cent loss of​ skin thickness.

As well losing collagen,​ skin also loses plumpness because cell division slows with age. This is​ because stem cells are no longer able to​ divide and replicate accurately,​ and become dormant. New research shows that one of​ the​ latest hi-tech ingredients in​ skin creams - poly-peptides - mimic growth factors in​ skin to​ wake up dormant stem cells and encourage fibroblasts to​ make more collagen. Although results look promising in​ the​ test tube,​ the​ use of​ growth factor peptides in​ anti-ageing creams remains controversial.

In the​ meantime,​ retinoid-derived from vitamin a​ is​ still the​ only ingredient clinically proven to​ boost both collagen and moisturising hyaluronic acid. This was confirmed by research at​ the​ University of​ Michigan Medical School earlier this year. Some peptides can help smooth fine surface lines within a​ couple of​ weeks. But you need retinoids for long-term cell growth and real anti-ageing benefits. Like vitamin C,​ you also need to​ use them round the​ clock for up to​ two months before you see results,​ but it's worth the​ wait.




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