Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is​ the​ number one malignancy in​ men who are in​ the​ prime ages of​ twenty to​ thirty-four. Although this only translates to​ a​ mere one percent of​ malignant cancers in​ males, it​ is​ also the​ primary cause of​ cancer mortality in​ men of​ the​ mentioned ages. if​ you are concerned about your risks for​ incurring this type of​ cancer, read on to​ find out more about this lesser-known condition.

Testicular cancer is​ a​ malignancy which develops within either or​ both male testicles; if​ it​ is​ detected at​ the​ early stages, there is​ a​ high cure and​ recovery rate with the​ proper treatments. the​ testicles produce testosterone and​ sperm, the​ latter being the​ male reproductive agent. the​ testes are composed of​ a​ variety of​ cell types, and​ every one of​ these possesses the​ capability of​ developing into a​ type or​ several types of​ cancer. However, there are two basic kinds of​ malignancy – seminomas and​ non-seminomas. About half of​ all cases are classified as​ the​ former; the​ rest may be a​ combination of​ a​ variety of​ other malignancy types, such as​ yolk sac tumors or​ embryonal carcinoma. Some tumors also contain both types of​ malignancies.

Though there is​ presently no established cause for​ testicular cancer, there are conditions which can increase your risk for​ obtaining it. an​ undescended testicle is​ one such case wherein the​ testicle is​ unable to​ normally descend to​ the​ scrotum from the​ abdomen. a​ rare condition called Klinefelter syndrome, wherein the​ male possesses as​ many as​ four X chromosomes instead of​ the​ usual XY pair, can also be attributed as​ a​ contributor to​ testicular cancer. and​ if​ the​ malignancy runs in​ the​ family, your chances for​ inheriting the​ risk are also increased.

Males who usually bear such a​ malignancy may experience variations in​ the​ size and​ feel of​ either or​ both testicles, and​ there may or​ may not be any sensations of​ pain involved when the​ area is​ touched. the​ scrotum may also feel heavy, and​ the​ sensation is​ accompanied by a​ persisting numbness or​ a​ painful pressure in​ the​ small of​ the​ back, the​ abdomen, and​ in​ the​ groin area.

Testicular cancer is​ usually self-examined, or​ it​ may be detected during a​ thorough physical examination with a​ doctor. if​ a​ malignancy is​ indeed present, other tests may be conducted to​ determine if​ it​ has spread to​ the​ surrounding areas, either through ultrasound imaging or​ CT scans. Treatment is​ advised immediately after detection, with surgery being the​ most viable option. the​ testicle which contains the​ malignancy is​ removed through a​ procedure called radical inguinal orchiectomy. This allows the​ doctor to​ determine which malignancy types the​ patient possesses, and​ enables him to​ arrange an​ appropriate treatment plan. Post-surgery treatment options may involve chemotherapy medication or​ radiotherapy; the​ latter is​ usually employed to​ treat seminomas, or​ used in​ an​ effort to​ eradicate the​ remnants of​ the​ malignancy. the​ technique is​ also beneficial in​ treating cancer cells which have spread away from the​ testicles. After this period, the​ patient may be advised to​ wait for​ a​ certain period to​ determine the​ effect of​ the​ treatment, and​ further recourse is​ employed accordingly after such time.

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