Stamp Collectors Guide

Stamp Collectors Guide



Stamp Collector's Guide
Today, a​ hobby like stamp collecting too has become a​ specialized affair .​
It has gone from being a​ fun hobby to​ a​ proper investment and auction business .​
But for philately lovers the discovery of​ a​ stamp, the history attached to​ it​ and the chase of​ actually adding it​ to​ your collection is​ incomparable .​
Now this hobby has a​ terminology of​ its own that even an​ amateur collector should be familiar with.
Philately is​ defined as​ a​ hobby that denotes stamp collecting and study of​ stamps and items related to​ stamps .​
There is​ a​ mark on them called the Authentication Mark that tells you that the stamp has been validated and examined by an​ expert .​
The Denomination on the stamp is​ the face value of​ the stamp and the collectibles vary by a​ wide margin .​
a​ Freak stamp is​ one that has mistakes on it​ like ink problems or​ wrong printing of​ the design etc .​
The Hinge is​ a​ small, gummed rectangle of​ paper that is​ used to​ stick stamps into the album by a​ narrow strip .​
Then there are stamps that are Never Hinged which means that the stamp was never mounted by its hinge .​
a​ Watermark is​ an​ embedded design that is​ used for anti-counterfeiting and it​ also adds to​ its esthetic value.
The Essay is​ the proposed design of​ a​ stamp that has not been issued yet .​
The Frame is​ the margin outside the design of​ a​ stamp .​
Centering is​ the position of​ a​ design on the stamp's face in​ relation to​ the margin and if​ there is​ an​ error in​ the manufacturing process it​ can affect the value of​ the stamp .​
Tagging is​ defined as​ the use of​ phosphorescent dyes in​ making the stamp and the dye is​ read by machines by using an​ ultraviolet light and this will detect the face value and other elements of​ the stamp .​
The stamp is​ then Proofed, a​ process similar to​ coins where the trail stamp is​ used to​ ensure that there is​ no problem with the design and manufacturing process.
Variety is​ a​ term where there is​ a​ deviation from the standard issue like there may be a​ difference in​ the watermarks or​ a​ wrong colored ink may have been used etc .​
Perfins are stamps with perforated initials used mainly as​ a​ counterfeiting element and as​ part of​ the design .​
Then there are Imperforate or​ imperforated stamps that are valuable collectors stamps but can be duplicated easily.
A Block is​ a​ group of​ unseparated stamps and these have the complete watermark designs along with other features of​ the design that a​ torn out single stamp may have only a​ small part of​ the complete design and this makes it​ invaluable .​
a​ full sheet of​ such unseparated stamps is​ called Pane .​
Selvage is​ the plain margin area seen around the Pane and Gutter between the panes.
A stamp in​ Mint condition has never been used for postage .​
So there are no hinge marks, no tears, no marks and the original adhesive is​ intact .​
Original Gum is​ the term for the original adhesive on the back of​ a​ stamp .​
Its use and remains can affect the value of​ the stamp .​
The Cover is​ the envelope and the packaging on which the stamp was used and On Paper refers to​ stamps that have actually been used for postage and are typically still stuck to​ the cover and Entire refers to​ an​ intact cover.
Approvals are the stamps that stamps dealers will show collectors 'for approval' and Expertizing is​ where the stamp is​ examined by an​ expert like someone from the American Philatelic Expertizing Service .​
a​ First Day Cover is​ a​ stamp that refers to​ an​ envelope on which the stamp was stuck and it​ now has a​ cancellation mark from the first day of​ issue .​
Definitive stamps are those on regular issue and are produced at​ a​ specific rate of​ postage.
Invert stamps were printed with multiple colors where one of​ the colored designs is​ printed upside down .​
These are invaluable to​ a​ collector and an​ example of​ this is​ the 1918 U.S .​
24-cent Jenny .​
Another invaluable stamp is​ the One Penny Black which is​ the world's first postage stamp, issued by Great Britain in​ 1840 .​
Earlier the receivers of​ mail would generally pay the postage rather than the sender of​ the mail.
And finally we have Airmails which as​ we all know is​ the mail sent by air .​
These stamps saw their demise in​ the 1970s as​ issue of​ these stamps stopped when a​ vast majority of​ mail started traveling by air and there was no need to​ distinguish between
mail sent by air or​ sea or​ road .​
Now they are invaluable to​ a​ collector.




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