Sleep Disorders Sleep Apnea

Sleep Disorders Sleep Apnea
All over the world in​ millions of​ homes, each night people are having a​ lousy nights sleep caused by our infamous dreaded enemy. Every night we all look forward to​ a​ peaceful night’s sleep and every night like clockwork we get a​ call from that dreaded enemy in​ the form of​ our partner or​ spouse. You no sooner start to​ fall asleep than your partner or​ spouse starts to​ snore. This results in​ sleep deprivation. Snoring can be more farreaching than the cause of​ frustration and sleep disturbance. Snoring could possibly be a​ symptom of​ a​ more serious sleep disorder known as​ Sleep Apnea.
if​ you stop breathing for 10 or​ more seconds at​ a​ time and more than ten times an hour during sleep, and if​ you snore, you may have what has been widely diagnosed as​ Sleep Apnea. Many people, who are overweight fight an endless battle with restless sleep at​ night and find themselves nodding off during the day. if​ you stop breathing during sleep, your brain receives a​ signal telling you to​ wake up. The more times you wake from a​ deep sleep, the more restless you become. in​ the morning you awaken only to​ find that you feel like you never slept at​ all. if​ you suspect that you have Sleep Apnea, consult your health care provider who will send you to​ a​ specialist who can make the diagnosis.
Sleep Apnea is​ a​ rather serious problem as​ it​ blocks the throat and causes the sleeper to​ stop breathing for several seconds. as​ a​ result you awaken several times a​ night trying to​ catch your breath. Such breaks in​ your sleep pattern can result in​ significant health issues. Over time snoring could lead to​ other problems such as​ diabetes, high blood pressure, heart problems, and stroke and in​ some severe cases even death. Other symptoms of​ the sleep disorder Sleep Apnea include choking/gasping while sleeping, morning headaches, and tiredness during the day, personality changes, memory impairment, poor concentration, poor judgment, mood swings, recent weight gain, polyurea, and impotence. The signs to​ look out for are obesity, senility, stress including anxiety and depression, hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, hypothyroidism, and acromegaly, dislocated temporomandibular joint and neuromuscular disease. Tonsillar Hypertrophy is​ the most common cause of​ Sleep Apnea in​ children.
The idea behind treatment of​ Sleep Apnea is​ to​ keep the airway open and prevent stoppages in​ breathing during sleep. Various methods used to​ alleviate Sleep Apnea include
Behavioral Therapy, which should include avoiding ​alcohol​ and CNS depressants close to​ bedtime, weight reduction and sleep posture modification.
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure CPAP, which is​ an effective noninvasive medical treatment to​ eliminate snoring and prevent Sleep Apnea. The machine gently blows pressurized air through the nasal passage at​ a​ pressure high enough to​ prevent collapsing of​ the throat during sleep.
Oral appliances may be used to​ reposition the lower jaw and tongue, thus opening the throat to​ allow air to​ flow freely, while helping treat Sleep Apnea. There are various devices used to​ prevent the tongue from falling back over the airway.
Surgery such as​ Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty UPPP
UPPP is​ the most common type of​ surgery used to​ treat Sleep Apnea. it​ removes all the redundant tissue from the pharynx.
Laserassisted Uvulopalatoplasty LAUP is​ a​ procedure which is​ performed by a​ specialist in​ his/her office. it​ involves the use of​ a​ laser to​ remove a​ part of​ the soft palate, shorten the Uvula the soft tissue that hangs from the roof of​ your mouth at​ the entrance to​ your throat and remove excess tissue from the Pharynx.
Tracheostomy, in​ which a​ small hole is​ made in​ the Trachea or​ windpipe below the point of​ obstruction and a​ small tube is​ inserted. This tube is​ only opened during sleeping hours, so that air is​ able to​ flow freely and directly into the lungs, by bypassing the blockage that occurs in​ the throat during sleep.
Another relatively new procedure in​ the treatment of​ the sleep disorder Sleep Apnea is​ radiofrequency ablation RFA, which makes use of​ radiofrequency energy to​ remove tissue from the Uvula, soft palate and tongue thereby helping treat Sleep Apnea. The removal of​ enlarged Tonsils or​ Adenoids is​ the most viable option in​ the treatment of​ Sleep Apnea in​ children and adolescents.

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