Sleep Disorder The Night Phantom



Sleep apnea is​ a​ condition when you stop breathing for a​ short interval repeatedly during sleep. Apnea means "Without Breath" in​ Greek; the word aptly describes the condition of​ patients suffering from sleep apnea. You may have breathing difficulty while sleeping, which may break your sleep also. Sleep apnea may cause high blood pressure, chances of​ stroke, impotence etc. This may seem a​ simple snoring disease, but it​ can be extremely harmful and should never be neglected.

Symptoms of​ sleep apnea:

These are some of​ the common symptoms of​ sleep apnea, though they may vary from person to​ person:

• Tendency to​ sleep more during the day.
• Interrupted snoring with periods of​ improper breathing.
• a​ small or​ recessed jaw.
• Obesity.
• a​ very tired feeling in​ the morning.
• Gasping or​ snoring respirations in​ the night.
• Unexplained right side heart or​ respiratory failure.
• Memory or​ concentration problems.
• Excessive snoring at​ night.

Types of​ apnea:

There are basically three types of​ apnea:

Obstructive sleep apnea: This is​ the most common, with 9 out of​ 10 cases of​ apnea coming under this category. it​ is​ often incorrectly called Pickwick Syndrome. Here, repetitive episodes of​ upper airway obstruction occur during sleep, which is​ generally associated with a​ reduction in​ blood oxygen saturation. The obstruction may be excess tissue in​ the airway, large tonsils, or​ a​ large tongue. Another site of​ obstruction can be the nasal passages.

Central sleep apnea: This is​ not very common. This is​ related to​ the function of​ the central nervous system. The muscles that you use to​ breathe don't get a​ clear signal from the brain, thus causing this problem. Either the brain doesn't send the signal, or​ the signal gets interrupted.

Mixed apnea: This is​ a​ combination of​ central and obstructive apnea. The most affected people are infants or​ young children, who have abnormal control of​ breathing. Mixed apnea may occur when a​ child is​ awake or​ asleep.

Snoring is​ another symptom of​ sleep apnea. it​ is​ the loud, rough rattling noise that you make while sleeping, caused when the soft palate and uvula vibrates. Snoring is​ believed to​ occur in​ anywhere from 30% of​ women to​ over 40% of​ men. When snoring is​ interrupted by frequent episodes of​ totally obstructed breathing, it​ is​ known as​ Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

Treatments:

Sleep apnea can be cured by the following methods:

• Losing weight.
• Cutting down on alcohol.
• Using Nasal Dilator strips.
• Using dental appliances to​ prevent tongue from falling back.
• Surgery - Tracheostomy, Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, Mandibular Myotomy, Laser Assisted Uvuloplasty, Laup Radio Frequency (RF) Procedure or​ Somnoplasty.
• Palatoplasty - stiffening of​ the palate using surgery or​ injection.
• Using special pillows or​ devices to​ keep the airway open during sleep.
• Using a​ CPAP mask.
• Adjust your sleeping position, which might alleviate snoring.





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