Sample Token Economy System For Elementary Teachers To Increase On Task
Behavior

Sample Token Economy System For Elementary Teachers To Increase On Task Behavior



The following are step-by-step instructions for​ a​ token economy that you could implement in​ your elementary classroom to​ increase on-task behavior during reading lessons. This token economy is​ targeted to​ reduce behaviors you have may have difficulty with in​ class, such as​ socializing and​ wandering around the​ room. With this token economy, students will earn points when on-task behaviors are displayed, such as​ sitting in​ their seat, or​ being quiet during the​ lessons. Students will earn points when appropriate behaviors are displayed and​ will be able to​ use these points at​ the​ end of​ the​ week to​ purchase reinforcing items or​ activities, such as​ stickers, books, acting as​ the​ line leader, or​ computer time. at​ the​ beginning of​ the​ implementation, the​ students will be provided with a​ list of​ targeted behaviors, their point value, and​ a​ list of​ rewards. the​ following are step-by-step instructions to​ implement this token economy.

Explain the​ token economy at​ the​ beginning of​ the​ week, on a​ Monday morning, before the​ inappropriate behaviors have started to​ occur and​ so you can implement the​ economy after you introduce it​ and​ before you start your lesson plans.

Write on the​ chalkboard or​ on poster board, the​ following list of​ behaviors that are targeted for​ change and​ their point value. Explain each behavior to​ the​ children so that they have a​ clear understanding what target behaviors you are looking for.

Behavior Point Value
In seat with materials ready at​ the​ beginning of​ class 1
In seat during reading period 1
Quiet during reading lesson 2

Each day, every student has the​ potential to​ earn up to​ 4 points, and​ 20 points weekly. at​ the​ time when the​ class is​ scheduled to​ officially start, every student sitting in​ their seat with materials ready will earn one point. During reading period, students will receive one point for​ being in​ their seat and​ two points for​ being quiet during the​ reading lesson.

A publicly posted chart will be on display on the​ classroom wall. List the​ days of​ the​ week, the​ students’ names and​ check off a​ point under the​ appropriate day for​ each on-task behavior. Include a​ column for​ the​ total points for​ the​ end of​ the​ week. Example:

Student Name Mon. Tue, Wed. Thurs. Fri. Total
Jane Doe ||| |||| ||| |||| || 16
John Smith |||| || ||| ||| || 14

The reinforcement schedule should be a​ weekly schedule. Each Friday, the​ students will have the​ opportunity to​ “cash in” their points for​ rewards. Reward items should be given immediately on Friday afternoon, and​ reward activities should be scheduled for​ the​ following week. Mark the​ rewarded activities on a​ calendar with the​ students’ name(s) beside the​ date and​ the​ activity. Students can use points towards more than one reward. the​ following “reward menu” is​ just a​ sample of​ possible reward ideas.

Reward Points Needed
Eraser 3
Pencil 5
Pen 7
2 pieces of​ candy 7
2 stickers 7
Special job 14
10 min. free time with friend 14
10 min. free computer time 20
Run errands for​ class for​ the​ week 20
Listening to​ the​ radio with earphones for​ 15 min. 20
15 min. free video game play 20
Going to​ the​ library for​ free 15 min. 20
Book 20

Rewards should be periodically changed or​ modified based on student interests and​ so that students do not get satiated by the​ rewards. This token system can also be modified to​ use throughout the​ day during various lessons/activities.




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