Risk Factors For Prostate Cancer

Risk Factors For Prostate Cancer

The prostate is​ a​ small, walnut-shaped sex gland in​ men that produces the​ seminal fluid, which nourishes and​ transports sperm. the​ growth of​ the​ cells in​ the​ prostate gland is​ stimulated by the​ male sex hormone called testosterone. Though its causes are unknown, prostate cancer is​ a​ frightening prospect for​ men. This cancer threatens not just their lives, but also their sexuality. Possible consequences of​ treatment (even if​ the​ treatment has been successful in​ saving a​ person’s life) include erectile dysfunction and​ bladder control problems. Prostate cancer progresses very slowly and​ the​ early stages show little or​ no symptoms. if​ detected early, effective treatment with minimum side effects is​ possible. Once the​ cancer spreads (metastizes) treatment becomes more difficult.

A man’s vulnerability to​ prostate cancer increases with age. Most often, prostate cancer is​ detected very late and​ people who lose their lives do not die from prostate cancer, but die WITH prostate cancer. as​ the​ cancer develops, it​ eventually squeezes the​ urethra, which surrounds the​ prostate. This is​ when signs and​ symptoms begin to​ appear:

-Urgency in​ urination
-Difficulty in​ starting urination
-Dull, persistent ache in​ the​ lower pelvic area
-Painful urination, a​ very slow flow (almost like a​ dribble)
-Intermittent urine flow, and​ a​ sensation that the​ bladder is​ not empty
-Frequent urination, sometimes including blood
-Painful ejaculation
-Persistent pain in​ the​ bones, lower back, hip and​ thighs
-General ill health, loss of​ appetite, and​ decline in​ weight

If the​ cells from the​ cancerous prostrate break away, the​ cancer will spread. Most commonly, prostate cancer spreads to​ the​ lymph nodes, bones in​ the​ hips or​ the​ lower back, lungs, and​ sometimes even the​ brain.

Risk factors:
The risk of​ prostate cancer increases with age. as​ with almost any other cancer, heredity also plays a​ key role. for​ reasons unknown, African-American men seem to​ have a​ higher risk of​ prostate cancer. a​ fat-rich diet and​ sedentary lifestyle also contributes to​ the​ risk. Fat causes an​ increased production of​ testosterone, which may in​ turn lead to​ the​ development of​ cancer cells. High levels of​ testosterone mean higher chances of​ developing prostate cancer. Therefore men who suffer from hypogonadism, or​ have been undergoing long-term testosterone treatments are at​ risk. a​ vasectomy may also result in​ prostate cancer, though there is​ no conclusive proof of​ this.

A routine screening test may reveal the​ beginnings of​ prostate cancer. a​ DRE (Digital Rectal Examination), which involves inserting a​ gloved finger into the​ rectum, helps the​ doctor to​ examine the​ prostate. Any change in​ shape or​ size of​ the​ gland may mean trouble. a​ prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test analyzes a​ blood sample for​ the​ levels of​ PSA. if​ a​ higher than normal level is​ detected, a​ prostate infection or​ cancer may be suspected. a​ transrectal ultrasound helps to​ further evaluate the​ prostate using sound waves. if​ initial tests produce positive results, a​ prostate biopsy may be done to​ verify the​ presence of​ cancer. if​ cancer is​ confirmed, the​ next step is​ to​ investigate the​ spread of​ the​ cancer. a​ bone scan, CT scan, and​ Ultrasound scan may be used for​ this.

The mode of​ treatment directly depends on how aggressive the​ cancer is. for​ most men, a​ combination of​ treatments (surgery, radiation paired with hormone therapy, chemotherapy) may prove effective.

The best way to​ reduce the​ risk from prostate cancer is​ to​ eat a​ diet rich in​ fiber and​ low in​ fat. Regular exercise also helps.

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