Recognize And Understand Home Networking Components

Recognize And Understand Home Networking Components



Recognize and​ Understand Home Networking Components
If you have not decided already,you will soon want to​ network your two or​ more computers in​ your home .​
You want to​ be armed to​ the​ teach with knowledge of​ just what it​ takes to​ connect your computers to​ one another.
You first should decide which network is​ best your you .​
If your computers are in​ the​ same room,the Wireless network should not be considered.The wired by cable network should work just fine.
Computer that may be close to​ each other but cannot be seen may and​ have phone jacks close by can easily be networked with the​ HomePNA Network.While PCs that are far from each other can be connected with the​ powerline network,assuming wall outlets are nearby.
And when there are computers in​ different rooms and​ you want the​ convenience of​ moving the​ systems from room to​ room,the more expensive Wireless Network is​ the​ way to​ go.After you decide on the​ type of​ network that is​ best for​ you,knowing what components you'll need to​ purchase will be a​ great help.Let's take a​ look at​ each network and​ the​ components needed to​ get it​ up and​ running.
The WIRED ETHERNET NETWORK
If your computers are in​ the​ same room,the basic network kit can wire your systems together.Be sure to​ carefully open any kit or​ component you purchase and​ do not damage the​ box it​ came in.The purpose for​ this is​ to​ make it​ easy to​ return the​ component if​ needed.
Basic kits will have instructions and​ software for​ the​ network as​ seen as​ two NICs.Better known as​ Network Interface Cards,these NICs are installed in​ empty slots in​ the​ system unit.The PCI slot is​ where the​ card is​ installed and​ there are the​ USB adapters as​ well.The network will need cabling to​ connect the​ computers and​ the​ CAT 5 or​ Category 5 cable is​ the​ one to​ look for.
Ethernet networks come in​ two speeds,which are 10 and​ 100mbps or​ megabits per second.The wired network will also need a​ Hub or​ a​ Switch to​ direct traffic from each system.If you want fast traffic,and who don't,you will want to​ connect a​ Switch instead of​ a​ Hub.If you want all PCs to​ connect to​ the​ Internet,most kits come with Special Bridging Software which links the​ systems together.
The WIRELESS HOME NETWORK
Wireless networks rely on radio frequency to​ transmit and​ receive data.Wireless network equipment will offer you the​ choice of​ both wired and​ wireless connections.
If your computers are in​ direct line of​ each other,the IR or​ Infrared frequency can be used.But most wireless networks now use the​ Radio Transceiver technology with computers being located just about anywhere.
You will need a​ Wireless Router to​ connect each PC to​ the​ network.Wireless NIC Cards must be installed in​ each computer in​ the​ network.When you purchase your wireless kit,take note of​ the​ indoor range.
As you can see when looking at​ the​ wireless Router,you have the​ option to​ wire your computers together should something go wrong with any wireless component.Take note of​ the​ difference between the​ wired nic and​ the​ wireless nic cards.
The POWERLINE NETWORK
The powerline network uses the​ electrical wiring in​ your home to​ transfer data to​ and​ from each computer.Present powerline networks run between 50kbps or​ Kilobits Per Second and​ 350kbps.
This network has a​ drawback in​ back it​ will have lots of​ electrical noise which will cause the​ network to​ lose speed.And other PC users can snoop in​ your computer if​ they know how.
This network will need a​ Router for​ data transfer and​ nic cards for​ each system.A Bridge will be needed for​ access to​ the​ internet.These Bridges can be used with your Router.
The PHONELINE NETWORK
The components you will need in​ the​ Home Network are close to​ that of​ the​ Wireless network.In most cases,the 10mbps speed network is​ fast enough for​ home users.
The computers are connected with a​ Switch,a gateway,or Router to​ share Internet access and​ to​ send data to​ each computer through the​ phone line network.This network is​ considered the​ easiest to​ setup.
Phoneline Network adapters are installed in​ each PC .​
The USB or​ Universal Seriel Bus port connection is​ the​ most commonly used adapter for​ Phoneline networks.To reduce line noise,a Phone Filter may be needed.If you plan to​ connect a​ phone and​ line in​ one phone jack.you will have to​ invest in​ a​ Line Splitter.Be sure each computer in​ the​ network are close to​ a​ phone jack.
The Phoneline Network is​ thought to​ be less expensive .more dependable and​ faster when compared with the​ Powerline network.
In a​ nutshell,all networks will need some type of​ adapter inserted in​ the​ computer.Each network will need a​ hub, switch,or router to​ transfer data.Windows 98,Me,and XP will have the​ needed software to​ make everything work together.Adapters and​ and other hardware will come with device driver software which enables the​ hardware to​ talk to​ the​ computer.
We have taken a​ brief look at​ the​ hardware needed to​ network two or​ more computers.Connecting the​ hardware was rather simple when we networked our computers using the​ wireless technology.Learn all you can about PC networking and​ you will be grateful in​ having this knowledge should you experience computer problems.
Since we have seen basic network components,its time to​ see how each component is​ installed and​ connected.Then we're going to​ see how to​ move data from one machine to​ the​ other and​ share the​ internet using broadband with a​ DSL or​ a​ Cable modem.Remember to​ enjoy learning about your computer by performing as​ many tasks as​ you can without causing damage to​ your system.




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