Oriental Rugs History And Information

Oriental Rugs History And Information

Oriental rugs are handcrafted rugs woven in​ the Middle East and the Orient - mostly regions extending from China in​ the east, to​ Turkey in​ the west and the Caucasus in​ the north, to​ India in​ the south. Authentic oriental rugs are knotted with pile or​ woven without pile and exclusively handwoven, which makes them unique and more exquisite, precious, and expensive than the other types of​ rugs. Some of​ the most popular and best oriental rugs include the Turkish, Caucasian, Turkoman, Afshan, Donkeybags, Prayer Rugs and Kilims rugs.

Short History:

The earliest known oriental pile rugs were those found in​ a​ Scythian burial site in​ Outer Mongolia dating back to​ the fifth century B.C. The second millennium B.C in​ Egypt and Central Asia had already seen the evolution of​ the art of​ rug weaving so by the fifth century B.C., rug weaving had become a​ fairly well-developed art. When the Silk Route came into being in​ the 17th century during the Safavid reign in​ Central Asia, oriental rugs started gaining immense popularity and Europe began to​ import them in​ large quantities. The rug making art and industry in​ the Orient also became a​ lucrative, highly skilled occupation. By the mid 19th century, not only the rich but the middle class citizens of​ Europe also began to​ value and afford these exquisite handwoven rugs.

Knots and Oriental Rug Weaving:

Oriental Rugs are handwoven on looms. The pattern of​ the rug is​ created by the knot (pile). Pile knots are of​ two types - symmetric and asymmetric. Symmetrical knots can be tied in​ such a​ way to​ give the pile a​ left or​ right inclination. Knot density is​ measured by counting the knots vertically and horizontally within the given area along the back of​ the rug. The size of​ warp (foundation threads wrapped around the loom), warp depression, weft (thread inserted along the width of​ the loom) and pile threads all determine the knot density. a​ cartoon (preliminary sketch similar in​ size to​ the work) may be created as​ a​ guide before weaving.

The loose warp threads along the ends are knotted, woven or​ braided into the fringe after the weaving. The Selvage is​ the edge formed after a​ single terminal warp or​ a​ cord made of​ various terminal warps is​ wrapped with the weft threads. The side cord may also be added only after the rug has been woven and removed from the loom, and a​ single cord is​ sewn on to​ the side of​ the rug. to​ create a​ rounded finish, an​ overcast (warps wrapped with a​ separate thread in​ circular fashion) may be used.

Type of​ Materials used for Weaving Oriental Rugs:

Wool, cotton, silk and rayon are commonly used in​ weaving oriental rugs. Wool and Silk are generally used in​ the pile. Wool is​ the most common fiber in​ the Oriental rug weaving industry and silk is​ the most expensive. Silk, which is​ also the most resilient, is​ used for creating the most elaborate and intricately knotted rugs because of​ the possibility of​ creating unique and exquisite texture unmatched by any other. Cotton is​ mostly used for weft and warp. Rugs made from rayon are cheaper and less durable though they almost resemble silk.

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