Newfoundland The Aristocrat Among Dogs

Newfoundland The Aristocrat Among Dogs

The dogs which take their name from the​ island of​ Newfoundland appeal to​ all lovers of​ animals.There are now two established varieties,​ the​ black and the​ white and black .​
There are also bronze-coloured dogs,​ but they are rare .​
The black variety of​ the​ Newfoundland is​ essentially black in​ colour; but this does not mean that there may be no other colour,​ for most black Newfoundlands have some white marks .​
In fact,​ a​ white marking on​ the​ chest is​ said to​ be typical of​ the​ true breed .​
Any white on​ the​ head or​ body would place the​ dog in​ the​ other than black variety .​
The black colour should preferably be of​ a​ dull jet appearance which approximates to​ brown .​
In the​ other than black class,​ there may be black and tan,​ bronze,​ and white and black .​
The latter predominates,​ and in​ this colour,​ beauty of​ marking is​ very important .​
The head should be black with a​ white muzzle and blaze,​ and the​ body and legs should be white with large patches of​ black on​ the​ saddle and quarters,​ with possibly other small black spots on​ the​ body and legs .​
Apart from colour,​ the​ varieties should conform to​ the​ same standard .​
The head should be broad and massive,​ but in​ no sense heavy in​ appearance .​
The muzzle should be short,​ square,​ and clean cut,​ eyes rather wide apart,​ deep set,​ dark and small,​ not showing any haw; ears small,​ with close side carriage,​ covered with fine short hair (there should be no fringe to​ the​ ears),​ expression full of​ intelligence,​ dignity,​ and kindness .​
The body should be long,​ square,​ and massive,​ loins strong and well filled; chest deep and broad; legs quite straight,​ somewhat short in​ proportion to​ the​ length of​ the​ body,​ and powerful,​ with round bone well covered with muscle; feet large,​ round,​ and close .​
The tail should be only long enough to​ reach just below the​ hocks,​ free from kink,​ and never curled over the​ back .​
The quality of​ the​ coat is​ very important; the​ coat should be very dense,​ with plenty of​ undercoat; the​ outer coat somewhat harsh and quite straight .​
The appearance generally should indicate a​ dog of​ great strength,​ and very active for his build and size,​ moving freely with the​ body swung loosely between the​ legs,​ which gives a​ slight roll in​ gait .​
As regards size,​ the​ Newfoundland Club standard gives 140 lbs .​
to​ 120 lbs .​
weight for a​ dog,​ and 110 lbs .​
to​ 120 lbs .​
for a​ bitch,​ with an​ average height at​ the​ shoulder of​ 27 inches and 25 inches respectively; but it​ is​ doubtful whether dogs in​ proper condition do conform to​ both requirements .​

When rearing puppies give them soft food,​ such as​ well-boiled rice and milk,​ as​ soon as​ they will lap,​ and,​ shortly afterwards,​ scraped lean meat .​
Newfoundland puppies require plenty of​ meat to​ induce proper growth .​
The puppies should increase in​ weight at​ the​ rate of​ 3 lbs .​
a​ week,​ and this necessitates plenty of​ flesh,​ bone and muscle-forming food,​ plenty of​ meat,​ both raw and cooked .​
Milk is​ also good,​ but it​ requires to​ be strengthened with casein .​
The secret of​ growing full-sized dogs with plenty of​ bone and substance is​ to​ get a​ good start from birth,​ good feeding,​ warm,​ dry quarters,​ and freedom for the​ puppies to​ move about and exercise themselves as​ they wish .​
Forced exercise may make them go wrong on​ their legs .​
Medicine should not be required except for worms,​ and the​ puppies should be physicked for these soon after they are weaned,​ and again when three or​ four months old,​ or​ before that if​ they are not thriving .​
If free from worms,​ Newfoundland puppies will be found quite hardy,​ and,​ under proper conditions of​ food and quarters,​ they are easy to​ rear.

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