Muscle Cramps Description Causes And Treatment

Muscle Cramps Description Causes And Treatment

What are Muscle Cramps?

Cramps are defined as​ involuntary, forced, and​ prolonged contraction of​ a​ part of​ a​ muscle, a​ whole muscle, or​ group of​ muscles. Compared to​ spasm, cramps are more forceful and​ sustained. the​ usual mechanism of​ muscles is​ to​ alternately contract and​ relax to​ facilitate movement. Those muscles that are involved in​ gross or​ fine motor movements are mostly voluntary muscles, which means that they move at​ will. There are instances, however, when these voluntary muscles move involuntarily and​ instead of​ contracting and​ relaxing at​ short durations, the​ contraction is​ prolonged without intervening relaxation states. This is​ what happens when cramps are experienced. When muscles forcibly contract at​ a​ prolonged period, it​ can be painful and​ exhausting to​ any person experiencing it. Moreover, muscle cramps can recur frequently and, therefore, is​ more difficult to​ handle or​ deal with.

This situation is​ especially more troubling among people who are highly preoccupied with their work but are hindered by painful and​ constant contraction of​ their muscles. Among those professionals who are prone to​ experiencing difficulties caused by muscle problems are athletes, construction workers, and​ office workers who are frequently in​ a​ constant seated position for​ a​ long time. When muscle problems such as​ cramps get in​ the​ way of​ their work, it​ can greatly hinder them and​ make them unproductive.

Other associated conditions usually occurring with muscle cramps are tic, muscle itch, paralysis, paresthesia, and​ tingling. Some health problems or​ symptoms that are more commonly known to​ be associated with muscle cramps but do co-occur with it​ include regurgitation, dry mouth, disorientation, rapid and​ loud heart beat or​ sounds, and​ pericardial effusion.

Muscle cramps can trouble different parts of​ the​ body. it​ can be sometimes found in​ the​ neck area while at​ other times it​ can be in​ the​ ankles. the​ variation in​ the​ location where this problem can be found somehow is​ indicative of​ the​ randomness and​ undetermined set of​ causes which had triggered or​ began the​ health concern. Among the​ most common causes of​ muscle cramps are mentioned in​ the​ next section.

What causes Muscle Cramps?

There are some common conditions or​ situations that lead individuals to​ experience muscle cramps. Among those are over-exertion when doing tasks or​ activities, muscle injury, muscle spasm, electrolyte imbalance, loss of​ salt, excessive perspiration, and​ even, exercise. Some viral and​ bacterial infections may also induce the​ occurrence of​ muscle spasm. Other health problems that are also known triggers of​ this muscle problem include diabetes, circulation anomalies, dermatomyositis, thyroid disease, and​ rheumatoid arthritis.

What are the​ treatments for​ Muscle Cramps?

The usual medications prescribed by doctors among patients who have trouble with muscle cramps include muscle-relaxant drugs such as​ cyclobezaprine, carisoprodol (Soma), and​ skelaxin. However, other options for​ treatment of​ muscle cramps involve home remedies such as​ apple cider vinegar and​ approaches such as​ massage, relaxation exercises, and​ remediation to​ pressure points. Consumption of​ food rich in​ nutrients such as​ calcium, protein, magnesium, and​ vitamin C can also help prevent the​ threats of​ experiencing muscle cramps.

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