Malignant Mesothelioma The Cancer Of The Mesothelial Cells

Malignant Mesothelioma The Cancer Of The Mesothelial Cells

Malignant mesothelioma the​ cancer of​ the​ mesothelial cells
The diseased defined
Mesothelium is​ the​ protective tissue that covers the​ chest cavity, abdominal cavity and​ the​ cavity around the​ heart and​ also produces a​ special lubricating fluid that allows the​ internal organs of​ the​ body to​ move around. Malignant Mesothelioma can be defined as​ the​ cancer of​ the​ mesothelial cells which become abnormal and​ start dividing without any order. Majority of​ the​ mesothelioma patients have a​ prior history of​ exposure to​ asbestos.
Types of​ malignant Mesothelioma
Malignant Mesothelioma or​ simply Mesothelioma can be divided into 3 main types namely
Of these, Epithelioid is​ the​ most common 50% to​ 70% cases and​ stands the​ best chance of​ recovery. Sarcomatoid type is​ seen in​ 7% to​ 20% cases whereas mixed/biphasic type is​ seen in​ 20% to​ 35% cases.
Approximately, ¾ of​ the​ total cases of​ Mesothelioma originates in​ the​ chest cavity pleura and​ is​ known as​ pleural mesothelioma. the​ cancer affecting the​ lining of​ the​ abdomen peritoneum is​ called the​ peritoneal mesothelioma and​ that affecting the​ sac like space around the​ heart pericardial cavity is​ called the​ pericardial mesothelioma. Mesothelioma at​ times also affects the​ covering layer of​ the​ testicles. However, the​ last two types of​ cases are quite rare.
Diagnosis of​ malignant Mesothelioma
The tumors of​ the​ mesothelium can either be benign non cancerous or​ malignant cancerous. So whenever there are symptoms like shortness of​ breath, pain in​ chest/abdomen or​ swelling in​ the​ abdomen, you should consult your doctor immediately.
After the​ initial Xrays and​ scans, the​ doctor may look inside the​ chest cavity in​ case of​ pleural tumor with an instrument called thoracoscope and​ the​ test is​ called thoracoscopy. in​ case of​ tumor in​ peritoneum the​ doctor may go for​ peritoneoscopy with the​ help of​ a​ tool called peritoneoscope. Finally, if​ the​ abnormal tissue is​ found then a​ biopsy is​ done, whereby a​ piece of​ the​ unnatural tissue is​ cut out and​ placed under microscope for​ examination.
After the​ confirmed diagnosis of​ Mesothelioma it​ is​ also essential to​ ascertain its stages i. e. whether it​ is​ in​ localized stage or​ in​ advanced stage. in​ the​ localized stage, the​ cancer is​ found in​ the​ lining of​ the​ chest cavity or​ in​ the​ diaphragm or​ the​ lung. Advanced malignant Mesothelioma can again be divided into 3 stages namely stage II, III and​ IV. in​ stage II, the​ cancer spreads beyond the​ chest lining to​ lymph nodes and​ in​ stage III it​ spreads into chest wall, center of​ the​ chest, heart, through the​ diaphragm or​ abdominal lining, etc. the​ final or​ the​ fourth stage is​ the​ one in​ which the​ cancer has already spread to​ distant organs.
Depending on the​ stage of​ the​ cancer, its location and​ the​ health, age and​ medical history of​ the​ patient, 3 types of​ treatments are mated out to​ malignant Mesothelioma patients surgery to​ remove the​ tumor, radiation therapy application of​ high energy rays and​ chemotherapy usage of​ combination of​ ​Drug​s. This apart, if​ there is​ any accumulation of​ fluid in​ the​ chest or​ abdomen, then the​ doctor needs to​ drain it​ out and​ the​ process is​ regarded as​ thoracentesis and​ paracentesis respectively.
So be aware of​ the​ disease, such that you can prevent it​ at​ the​ very onset.

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