Know Your Muscles The Lower Body

Becoming familiar with the muscles that make up your body has more benefits than simply allowing you to​ talk shop with your training partners. The more familiar you are with the muscles you're working, the better you'll be able to​ judge what's needed to​ make improvements. in​ this article we'll get to​ know the muscles that make up the lower body.

This is​ where you'll find the big, strong muscles that allow us to​ get around. The main muscles found below the waist are as​ follows:

1. Quadriceps femoris - this is​ a​ group of​ four muscles found at​ the front of​ the thigh. These are the vastus lateralis on the outside, the vastus medialis on the inside, the vastus intermedius between them, and the rectus femoris above them. The role of​ these muscles is​ to​ extend the leg from a​ bent position.

2. Hamstrings - these are found to​ the rear of​ the leg and consist of​ the biceps femoris, semitendinosus and semimembranosus. The hamstrings are used to​ flex the knee in​ the act of​ pulling the heel towards the buttocks.

3. Gluteals - these make up the buttocks and consist of​ the gluteus maximus covering the hip joint and the gluteus medius and minimus on the outside of​ the hip. The gluteus maximus facilitates hip extension while the other two lift the leg to​ the side in​ an​ action called hip abduction.

4. Hip flexors - these are found opposite the glutes on the front of​ the pelvis. Consisting of​ the psoas major and iliacus they raise the leg to​ the front.

5. Calves - these consist of​ the gastrocnemius and the soleus. Their role is​ to​ extend the foot at​ the ankle.

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