Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms Causes And Treatments

Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms Causes And Treatments



Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptoms, Causes and​ Treatments
Irritable bowel syndrome is​ a​ chronic functional disorder of​ the​ intestines which causes abdominal pain, often accompanied by cramping, bloating, diarrhea and​ constipation. it​ is​ also referred to​ as​ spastic colon or​ mucous colitis. Irritable bowel syndrome is​ more commonly known by its abbreviated term IBS.
There are three forms of​ IBS depending on the​ symptoms diarrheapredominant IBSD, constipationpredominant IBSC and​ IBS with alternating stool pattern IBSA. Clinical investigations are going on a​ new IBS subtype, postinfectious IBS IBSPI.
Symptoms of​ IBS
IBS symptoms include
• Abdominal pain
• Discomfort associated with changes in​ bowel habits
• Fewer than three bowel movements a​ week
• More than three bowel movements a​ day
• Hard or​ lumpy stools
• Loose or​ watery stools
• Straining during a​ bowel movement
• Urgency having to​ rush to​ have a​ bowel movement
• Feeling of​ incomplete bowel movement
• Passing mucus white material during a​ bowel movement
• Abdominal fullness, bloating, or​ swelling
• Chronic pelvic pain
• Mental stress
• Fibromyalgia and​ various mental disorders
• Researchers believe that there are neurological and​ psychological disorders associated with IBS.
Causes of​ Irritable Bowel Syndrome
The exact causes of​ irritable bowel syndrome are unknown, but there are factors that may aggravate the​ trouble. Dietary factors and​ stress don’t exactly cause IBS, but they can aggravate it. Various studies and​ researches have noted an IBS connection to​ diet. Physicians feel that the​ correct diet can provide IBS relief.
Common IBS diet advice includes
• Eat soluble fiber foods and​ supplements.
• Substitute dairy products for​ soy or​ rice products.
• Be careful with fresh fruits and​ vegetables that are high in​ insoluble fiber.
• Eat small amounts in​ regular intervals to​ lessen the​ symptoms of​ IBS.
• Avoid eating red meat, oily or​ fatty and​ fried products.
• Avoid taking dairy products especially when lactose intolerance is​ suspected.
• Avoid solid chocolate, coffee regular and​ decaffeinated, alcohol, carbonated beverages and​ artificial sweeteners.
IBS Treatment
IBS treatment includes dietary advice and​ medication. Developing good dietary habits may be the​ best treatment for​ irritable bowel syndrome.
Medications can provide instant IBS relief. These may include stool softeners and​ laxatives in​ constipationpredominant, and​ antidiarrheal loperamide in​ diarrheapredominant IBS. the​ low dosage of​ tricyclic and​ SSRI antidepressants has shown to​ be the​ most widely prescribed medications for​ helping to​ relieve symptoms of​ visceral sensitivity pain and​ diarrhea or​ constipation respectively. Other medications include
• Alosetron Alosetron is​ a​ selective 5HT3 antagonist for​ IBSD. it​ is​ only available for​ women in​ the​ United States under a​ restricted access program, due to​ severe risks of​ side effects if​ taken mistakenly by IBSA or​ IBSC sufferers.
• Cilansetron Cilansetron is​ also a​ selective 5HT3 antagonist that is​ undergoing further clinical studies in​ Europe for​ IBSD sufferers.
• Tegaserod Tegaserod is​ a​ selective 5HT4 antagonist for​ IBSC. it​ has shown to​ have an excellent safety profile for​ relieving IBS constipation and​ chronic idiopathic constipation.




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