History Of Dogs Or Maybe Wolves

History Of Dogs Or Maybe Wolves

Do you​ know that the​ adorable little puppy you​ bought home last week could possibly be a​ descendent of​ a​ wolf? it​ may well be true! in​ fact,​ many theorists believe that wolf is​ the​ direct ancestors of​ domestic dog. Nevertheless,​ there are just as​ many who argue that it​ seems impossible to​ have over 400 varieties of​ dogs descended from just one species.

-Anatomically,​ the​ make-up molecules of​ the​ wolf over the​ centuries have remained unchanged,​ and research revealed that the​ DNA of​ wolf and dog are almost identical! the​ general pattern of​ dogs’ skeleton is​ still very similar to​ those of​ wolves in​ terms of​ their components,​ but significant changes can be detected,​ most obviously in​ the​ shape of​ the​ skull and the​ length of​ some of​ the​ limb bones.

The divergence in​ physical appearance could possibly be the​ result of​ mutation or​ even during cross breeding. Today,​ breeds such as​ the​ Alaskan malamute still retain a​ strong affinity with the​ wolf,​ in​ terms of​ their facial appearance and underlying skull structure.

-Behaviorally,​ both dogs and wolves bury bones; turn in​ circles before settling down for sleep; howl at​ the​ moon and frequently leg lift to​ mark territory. Both gestation periods is​ 63 days each,​ and the​ birth and development of​ their young is​ also almost identical

-Structurally,​ dogs and wolves are also extremely similar. Both also live in​ a​ pack-like hierarchal system where they are comfortable with a​ top dog,​ or​ Alpha role model. With regards to​ domestic dogs,​ Alpha (leader) role should belong to​ the​ owner they live with.

Whatever the​ theory,​ it​ isn’t difficult to​ spot the​ similarities between dog and wolf. Although,​ in​ some cases,​ the​ appearance of​ the​ domestic dog has diverged significantly from that of​ its “suspected” ancestor,​ most dogs still retain many of​ the​ traits of​ their ancestor.

Man’s Best Friend
Early cave drawings show us that wild dogs and wolfs were with humans even in​ prehistoric time. One of​ the​ earliest documentations of​ man and canine was noted more than 12 000 years ago on​ an​ ancient site in​ Egypt when the​ fossilized remains of​ a​ man and a​ small puppy were found in​ a​ grave in​ hugging position. Although,​ it​ is​ doubtful whether the​ puppy was that of​ dog or​ wolf,​ this is​ not an​ important issue.

Today,​ Scientists recognize and agree that the​ process of​ domestication of​ the​ dog has existed for 14 000 years,​ however they are not in​ agreement as​ to​ how domestication occurred:

-Some believe that man adopted offspring of​ the​ wolf and through natural selection chose to​ keep those that were less aggressive and that craftily begged for food.

-Others believe that wolves adapted themselves in​ following man because they could get a​ good meal.

Whatever the​ case,​ it’s hard to​ distinguish if​ wolves just tagged along or​ if​ they were invited. From ancient time till today,​ man and dog are inseparable who lived together and changed together.

In earlier times man was only concerned with gathering food. However,​ over time he began to​ become involved in​ hunting for food,​ turning his canine to​ "friend" as​ he helped immensely in​ hunting activities,​ this occurred some 12 000 years ago.

Later,​ man realized that not every animal should be his prey,​ but that some should be kept alive in​ order to​ domesticate for his purposes. at​ that time,​ domesticated animals needed to​ be protected from predators,​ this responsibility was taken up by dog becoming the​ guard dog,​ and this new role occurred some 7000-9000 years ago.

Dog Breeding
Dog breeding began when humans started to​ emphasize certain characteristics in​ dogs. Long-legged dogs,​ for instance,​ could be used to​ chase prey,​ heavy-set animals made better guard dogs. Several types of​ dogs emerged at​ the​ time of​ the​ New Kingdom in​ Egypt (circa 1570 B.C.) and drawings began to​ show dogs with drop ears,​ curly tails,​ straight tails and many coat patterns. Soon people all over the​ world were breeding and using dogs to​ suit their own needs.

The Greeks and Romans were training heavy-set dogs for sports,​ the​ Far East saw the​ toy dogs as​ prized possessions and the​ Europeans were developing sporting dogs for particular uses – smaller dogs to​ go to​ ground,​ stronger dogs to​ hunt. Dogs started to​ be grouped by appearance or​ function for convenience and were then even further divided into workers,​ herders and sports.

By 15th & 16th centuries,​ dogs began to​ gain popularity,​ not only for being functional,​ but by becoming a​ popular pet. the​ commercial importance of​ dogs and dog breeding escalated quickly as​ they became fashionable. During the​ 19th century,​ the​ number of​ new breeds grew quickly,​ with the​ first dog shows beginning in​ the​ 1850s.

Today,​ although there are roughly over 350 different breeds of​ dogs acknowledged by the​ FCI classification,​ all of​ them have one common quality that follows them throughout history and that is​ their unconditional love and loyal relationship to​ man.

This is​ without a​ doubt the​ oldest friendship recorded in​ history!

Dogs are not our whole life,​ but they make our lives whole. ~Roger Caras

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