Hezbollah Weapons Systems

Hezbollah Weapons Systems


More than 200 hundred rockets were fired from south Lebanon into Israel on Friday and​ Saturday adding up to​ over 1,000 over the​ past two weeks. the​ latest news on Hezbollah launched rockets is​ the​ use of​ a​ Khaibar-1 rocket, which hit on Saturday an​ open field near the​ town of​ Afulla in​ the​ Valley of​ Izrael. Hezbollah propaganda named the​ rocket "Khaibar," a​ historic-religious name deriving from the​ Battle of​ Khaibar in​ the​ Arabian Peninsula in​ the​ early years of​ Islam. the​ battle, was against a​ Jewish fortification, has become a​ symbol of​ resilience and​ of​ the​ superiority of​ Islam over Judaism. the​ Khaibar-1 is​ apparently one of​ the​ Iranian Fadjr family of​ artillery missiles.

Iranian 240mm Rocket Launcher M 1985

It is​ important to​ analyze the​ basic characteristics of​ these weapon systems. the​ main factor related to​ the​ present conflict regards the​ rocket's maximum range and​ the​ type of​ warhead used. So far the​ Hezbollah have been using mainly short range rockets, fired either from a​ single launcher, often with an​ improvised timer enabling to​ aim the​ rocket towards a​ general direction and​ flight angle and​ then walk away from the​ launch site.

Iranian 122mm-mrl-iran

Various types of​ electronic timers, often with a​ simple modified alarm clock, do the​ rest. These rockets are an​ Iranian version, called Haseb, of​ the​ Russian 107mm Katyusha with a​ range of​ up to​ nine kilometers. Another way to​ launch the​ rockets is​ by using multiple launchers to​ create a​ salvo effect. Such launchers can be towed or​ mounted on jeeps, trucks etc. the​ war head (explosives) weighs eight kilograms.

Iranian FADJR-2

Another artillery rocket type is​ the​ Arash 1 and​ 2, both based on Russian and​ Chinese models. This 122mm rocket has a​ range of​ 18 kilometers with a​ warhead weighing 18 kilograms. Here too the​ rocket can be launched from a​ single launch pad or​ in​ salvos from a​ multiple rocket launcher. Hezbollah uses this system mainly with a​ single launcher.

Iranian FADJR-5 missile

The second set of​ Iranian made rockets, believed to​ have been delivered to​ the​ Hezbollah in​ smaller numbers, is​ the​ Oghab, a​ 230mm rocket with a​ range of​ 45 kilometers and​ a​ warhead weighing 70 kilograms. Originally this rocket was designed to​ be carried and​ fired from special vehicles. However, they can also be fired from a​ single launching tube. in​ the​ same category is​ the​ Fadjr-3 230mm with a​ range of​ 45 kilometers and​ a​ warhead weighing 45 kilograms. it​ is​ believed that the​ simpler and​ lighter Fadjr-3 is​ the​ one used by the​ Hezbollah. it​ too can be mounted on a​ vehicle to​ be used as​ a​ multiple rocket launcher. the​ Oghab and​ the​ Fadjr-3 can cover northern Israel, including Haifa and​ Tiberias. to​ launch them the​ Hezbollah have to​ be as​ close as​ possible to​ the​ Israeli-Lebanese border.

Iranian MRLS. missile-rockets

The conflict will escalate if​ the​ Hezbollah have in​ their arsenal heavier rockets capable of​ covering a​ distance of​ 75 kilometers, carrying 190 kilograms of​ explosives; this rocket is​ the​ Fadjr-5 333mm. it​ is​ a​ larger rocket and​ therefore more difficult to​ move around. Originally it​ was designed for​ multiple rocket launchers. the​ last two heavy rockets are the​ Shahin-1 333mm with a​ range of​ 13 kilometers and​ a​ warhead of​ 190 kilograms and​ the​ Shahin-2 333mm with a​ 20-kilometer range and​ also a​ 190-kilogram warhead.

Experts on artillery rockets note that to​ launch the​ long range and​ heavier rockets the​ Hezbollah would need an​ elaborate technical and​ logistical capability. if​ these rockets are launched it​ will almost certainly mean Iranian experts and​ their equipment are active in​ Lebanon.

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