General Information About Vitamins

General Information About Vitamins
Where does the​ word vitamin come from?
The words is​ derived from the​ Latin word vita life and​ the​ biochemical term amine nitrogencontaining because vitamins are required for life and​ were originally thought to​ be amines. ​
Vitamins are organic compounds required by humans in​ small amounts from the​ diet.
What are vitamins?
A vitamin is​ an organic carboncontaining substances derived from plants and​ animals that human body must have in​ very small amounts. ​
Without vitamins the​ human body would not survive,​ vitamins are required for normal growth,​ metabolism creating energy in​ your cells,​ and​ health. ​
Vitamins are needed to​ make enzymes and​ hormones,​ which are important substances human body uses to​ make all the​ chemical reactions needed to​ live. ​
Most of​ us get enough of​ vitamins from our food,​ but it​ may be necessary for some people to​ take a​ vitamin supplement,​ because an ongoing shortage of​ vitamins will lead to​ failed health,​ weakness,​ susceptibility to​ disease.
The body needs at ​ least 13 different vitamins to​ function properly Vitamin a​ Retinol; Vitamin B complex B1 Thiamine; B2 Riboflavin; B3 Niacin; B6 Pyridoxine; B12 Cyanocobalamin; B9 Folic acid; B5 Pantothenic acid; H Biotin; Vitamin C Ascorbic acid; Vitamin D Calciferol can be obtained through sunlight; Vitamin E Tocopherol; Vitamin K Menaquinone.
There are two types of​ vitamins fat soluble and​ watersoluble.
Fatsoluble vitamins
Vitamins A,​ D,​ E and​ K are fatsoluble,​ they dissolve in​ fat but not water. ​
Once these vitamins are absorbed by the​ body,​ they are stored mostly in​ the​ fatty tissues and​ in​ the​ liver. ​
The liver provides the​ primary storage tissue for vitamins a​ and​ D. ​
Vitamin E is​ stored mainly in​ body fat and​ to​ a​ lesser extent in​ reproductive organs. ​
Relatively little vitamin K is​ stored.
Because you can store these vitamins,​ you dont have to​ get a​ supply of​ them every day. ​
However,​ eating fats or​ oils that are not digested can cause shortages of​ fatsoluble vitamins. ​
On the​ other hand,​ getting too much of​ these vitamins,​ particularly vitamins a​ and​ D,​ can lead to​ toxic levels in​ the​ body and​ cause problems.
Watersoluble vitamins
The watersoluble vitamins vitamin C and​ all the​ B vitamins need to​ dissolve in​ water before your body can absorb them. ​
Because of​ this,​ your body cant store these vitamins in​ any significant amounts. ​
The watersoluble vitamins your body doesnt use are removed by your kidneys and​ come out in​ your urine,​ so you need a​ fresh supply of​ these vitamins every day. ​
You cant really overdose on​ watersoluble vitamins,​ unless you take truly massive doses.
Watersoluble vitamins are easily destroyed or​ washed out during food storage or​ preparation. ​
Proper storage and​ preparation of​ food can minimize vitamin loss. ​
To reduce vitamin loss,​ refrigerate fresh produce,​ keep milk and​ grains away from strong light,​ and​ use the​ cooking water from vegetables to​ prepare soups.
How to​ get vitamins?
It is​ best to​ get the​ vitamins and​ minerals your body needs through the​ food you eat. ​
a​ daily diet of​ varied foods can provide you with needed vitamins and​ minerals for maintaining a​ healthy body. ​
To get the​ most vitamins possible from your food,​ refrigerate fresh produce and​ keep milk and​ grains away from strong light. ​
Vitamins are easily destroyed and​ washed out during food preparation and​ storage.
There are also a​ number of​ other factors that deplete our bodies of​ important vitamins
* Smoking strips 25mg of​ vitamin C for each cigarette smoked.
* Stress utilizes a​ lot of​ Bcomplex vitamins and​ minerals.
* Eating sugar and​ other refined products will strip chromium,​ zinc,​ vitamin B3 and​ other minerals from the​ body.
Too little of​ just one vitamin may disturb the​ bodys balance and​ lead vitamin deficiency. ​
Some deficiencies can be cured simply by eating foods that contains the​ vitamin that you need. ​
Other deficiencies lead to​ diseases and​ conditions that are more difficult to​ treat.
However,​ taking too many vitamins can also be dangerous. ​
This is​ especially true of​ the​ fatsoluble vitamins A,​ D,​ E and​ K it​ is​ harder to​ get rid of​ excess of​ these vitamins in​ the​ body. ​
You should never take extra vitamins and​ minerals without talking to​ your doctor first. ​
Your doctor may also suggest taking extra vitamins or​ minerals if ​ you have certain health problems.

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