Father Of The Internet


Father Of The Internet

Tim Berners-Lee, while working as​ an​ independent consultant at​ a​ nuclear research laboratory in​ 1980, developed an​ innovative way of​ storing information in​ a​ program named Enquire.

That work was later used as​ the​ foundation for​ the​ development of​ a​ global hypertext system - popularly known as​ the​ Internet or​ the​ World Wide Web.

The WWW was developed to​ increase the​ ease with which people could exchange information. This became a​ reality with the​ introduction of​ the​ first WYSWIG What you​ See is​ What you​ Get hypertext web browser which was written by Tim Berners-Lee.

The advantage of​ the​ WWW over previous systems was the​ lack of​ a​ need for​ a​ centralized server. in​ short, this meant that it​ was just as​ easy to​ retrieve, as​ well as​ link to, a​ document that was down the​ hall as​ across the​ world.

This was a​ huge breakthrough in​ computing science.

The Web and​ the​ first web server were released to​ the​ hypertext communities in​ mid 1991, after being released within CERN in​ late 1990. in​ order to​ achieve a​ coherent standard for​ the​ WWW, specifications for​ URLs, HTML and​ HTTP were published.

The universality forced by these specifications, the​ non-dependence on​ a​ central server and​ decision by Berners-Lee not to​ profit from the​ WWW led to​ a​ high level of​ adoption of​ the​ technology between 1991-94. a​ ten fold increase in​ annual traffic was recorded on​ the​ first Web server during this period.

With the​ advent of​ the​ Web, a​ number of​ spin-off technologies have emerged. a​ vast array of​ server side, client side and​ database languages have been created to​ fulfill needs of​ businesses and​ individuals.

There are two types of​ programming languages used on​ the​ WWW: client-side and​ server-side.

A client-side language is​ executed in​ the​ users' browser and​ is​ not dependent upon the​ Web server. Client-side programming is​ done almost exclusively with JavaScript.

A server-side language executes on​ the​ Web server. in​ recent years server-side programming has become more popular than client-side programming because it​ is​ independent of​ the​ type of​ browser that the​ surfer is​ using. Programmers refer to​ this as​ being 'cross-platform'. Perl, PHP, ASP and​ JSP are popular client-side programming languages.

Databases have been developed to​ allow for​ 'dynamic' websites.

Dynamic websites allow for​ a​ high level of​ personalization when retrieving information.

Whenever you​ type in​ values in​ a​ form on​ a​ web page - whether those values are for​ a​ user id and​ pass's name - it's a​ 'dynamic' web site. That is​ just a​ way of​ saying that there is​ a​ database being used to​ run the​ website.

Popular databases used include MySQL, PostgreSQL, Microsoft SQL Server and​ Oracle.

An area of​ the​ WWW that Berners-Lee has direct involvement is​ in​ his role as​ the​ Director of​ the​ World Wide Web Consortium WC3 which has existed since 1994.

The aim of​ the​ WC3 is​ to​ achieve coherent standards between all companies using web technologies such as​ HTML, CSS and​ XML. Prior to​ the​ creation of​ the​ standards detailed by the​ WC3, companies used different standards, which led to​ potential incompatibilities. the​ WC3 remedied this by creating an​ open forum - allowing companies to​ agree on​ core standards for​ WWW technologies.

The future of​ Berners-Lee's influence on​ modern computing is​ in​ the​ context of​ the​ Semantic Web. 'Semantic' means 'meaning'.

A semantic web is​ one where elements that appear in​ a​ document hold some meaning that can be automatically processed by a​ machine in​ some form of​ data gathering. Currently, documents on​ the​ WWW written in​ HTML hold no meaning ­ they're presentation based.

Tim Berners-Lee laid the​ conceptual foundation for​ the​ World Wide Web. it​ was his initial idea to​ create a​ way where information could be freely and​ easily exchanged. the​ standards associated with it​ and​ the​ lack of​ reliance upon a​ central server, gave the​ Web a​ cross platform advantage and​ independence, which led to​ its meteoric rise in​ popularity.

In turn, its popularity spawned and​ popularized many different programming languages, databases, markup standards, servers - as​ well as​ - viruses and​ worms.

However, while Tim Berners-Lee is​ the​ 'father' of​ the​ Internet, its development over the​ years is​ a​ result of​ the​ efforts of​ an​ extraordinary number of​ individuals. There is​ little question that 500 or​ 1,000 years from now, historians will look at​ the​ invention of​ the​ Internet as​ one of​ those rare, seminal historical events - much like Gutenberg's printing press.






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