Eczema Treatment

Eczema Treatment



What is​ Eczema?
Eczema is​ a​ skin condition commonly known as​ dermatitis which can result in​ dry flaky skin which can be itchy and​ feel hot. This sensation often leads to​ vigorous itching which in​ turn can damage the​ skin.
The word Eczema comes from the​ Greek words that mean “to boil over”. the​ word Dermatitis comes from the​ Greek word for​ skin. Both words refer to​ the​ same condition though.

There are four types of​ eczema, (atopic, varicose, discoid and​ contact/dermatitis).

Atopic Eczema is​ the​ most common form of​ Eczema. it​ is​ linked to​ hay fever and​ asthma. There is​ a​ tendency for​ it​ to​ be inherited, but there are also environmental factors which are important as​ well.
Atopic means extra sensitivity to​ certain substances (allergens) e.g. dust mites, cat and​ dog fur etc.
It affects 15-20% of​ young children in​ the​ UK, however, in​ about 70% of​ these cases, it​ clears up. if​ it​ doesn’t clear up, then it​ is​ likely that the​ condition will get worse as​ the​ patient gets older.
For some reason, the​ number of​ cases of​ Atopic eczema have increased in​ recent times.

Varicose Eczema affects the​ lower legs of​ patients. it​ is​ associated with varicose veins and​ is​ often a​ pre-cursor to​ varicose vein problems. it​ is​ also associated with poor circulation. Unlike Atopic eczema, it​ tends to​ affect the​ middle aged and​ the​ elderly.

Contact/Dermatitis Eczema can be either an​ acute or​ chronic skin reaction where there is​ a​ sensitivity to​ a​ particular material. This reaction may be an​ allergic or​ non-allergic reaction. This condition is​ caused when the​ bodies immune system reacts with a​ particular substance.

Discoid Eczema can occur at​ any point in​ a​ persons life, however, it​ tends to​ appear at​ a​ later stage in​ life. it​ tends to​ affect the​ lower legs and​ feet and​ shows itself as​ a​ distinct round patch of​ eczema.

What are the​ symptoms of​ Eczema?
Atopic
This type of​ Eczemas symptoms normally include red, dry, itchy skin. There may also be some small water blisters which can weep on the​ hands and​ feet. Scaly areas will develop as​ well where the​ skin has been continually scratched.

Varicose
The symptoms for​ Varicose Eczema start with a​ mild itchiness just above the​ ankle. This will then become speckled and​ inflamed as​ well as​ becoming itchy. On occasion, ulcers can form.

Contact/Dermatitis
This type of​ Eczema usually starts out with a​ rash in​ the​ area where the​ trigger substance has come into contact with the​ skin. Once the​ eczema has been triggered, then the​ eczema can spread through the​ body.

Discoid
Normally, one or​ a​ number of​ round patches of​ red skin appear. They may be itchy and​ become blistered. it​ is​ also quite common for​ these patches to​ be infected with bacteria.

What is​ the​ treatment for​ Eczema?
As with all conditions and​ diseases, it​ is​ usually best to​ talk to​ your doctor before embarking upon any course of​ treatment. the​ information below is​ purely for​ information purposes only and​ I always recommend that you read the​ information below and​ then go and​ talk to​ a​ medical professional.
There doesn’t appear to​ be a​ cure for​ eczema, however, there are a​ number of​ treatments which can control the​ symptoms of​ this very uncomfortable condition.

There are a​ number of​ over the​ counter creams which will help to​ soothe your eczema of​ which there are two types. These are emollients which are moisturisers which will soothe and​ hydrate the​ skin. a​ good time to​ apply these creams is​ straight after a​ bath while your skin is​ still slightly moist. There are also mild steroid creams. These creams can calm flare ups of​ eczema by suppressing your bodys inflammatory response. Even though these creams are available to​ anybody, it​ is​ wise to​ ask the​ pharmacists advice before using either emollients or​ mild steroid creams.

Your doctor may prescribe some prescription medicine if​ the​ emollients and​ mild steroid creams don’t work.

Your doctor may advise you to​ take anti-histamine drugs which will help you to​ sleep although they won’t directly relieve your eczema.
If your eczema is​ severe enough, it​ is​ possible you could have to​ go to​ hospital where the​ staff there will be able to​ keep you away from any trigger allergens and​ also to​ ensure that you take the​ medicine prescribed for​ you.




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