Eczema And The Control Of This Skin Condition

Eczema And The Control Of This Skin Condition



Eczema and​ the​ Control of​ This Skin Condition
Eczema is​ an inflammatory,​ chronic,​ noncontagious disease of​ the​ skin caused by allergy and​ hypersensitivity. ​
The term is​ loosely used to​ include many skin conditions more properly included under dermatitis. ​
Eczema is​ characterized by a​ number of​ cutaneous lesions,​ such as​ macules,​ papules,​ pustules,​ vesicles,​ scales,​ and​ crusts.
Macules are nonelevated skin spots. ​
Papules are hard,​ circular,​ and​ elevated. ​
Pustules are papular like lesions that contain pus,​ and​ vesicles are small skin blisters that contain fluid. ​
Eczematous lesions are usually accompanied by an exudation of​ serous fluid and​ by intense itching. ​
Onethird to​ onehalf of​ all cutaneous conditions are eczematous.
There is​ no known cure for eczema,​ but new treatments are helping people to​ manage,​ and​ even prevent flares,​ better than ever before. ​
Treatment is​ most effective when people with eczema work closely with a​ physician,​ preferably a​ dermatologist,​ who will customize a​ treatment approach based on​ the​ persons age,​ symptoms,​ and​ overall health. ​
With the​ right treatment,​ most flares can be brought under control in​ less than three weeks.
In more severe cases of​ eczema,​ where other treatments have failed,​ systemic steroids may be used. ​
Instead of​ applying the​ steroidal medication to​ the​ top of​ the​ skin,​ it​ is​ injected into the​ body,​ or​ taken in​ pill form. ​
These medications should only be used for a​ short time.
Side effects can include skin damage,​ weakened bones,​ high blood sugar and/or blood pressure,​ infections,​ and​ cataracts. ​
it​ is​ also dangerous to​ stop systemic corticosteroids abruptly,​ and​ patients must work closely with a​ doctor when changing doses or​ stopping treatment.
Antibiotics can be prescribed by a​ doctor to​ treat secondary infections associated with eczema. ​
Medications used to​ fight infection can come in​ ointment or​ pill form and​ are taken for a​ set period of​ time.
Sedating antihistamines,​ which are best to​ take at ​ bedtime,​ can help ease severe itching associated with eczema,​ and​ help restless sleepers and​ scratchers to​ sleep. ​
The sedating antihistamines are more effective at ​ relieving itching than the​ newer,​ nonsedating antihistamines,​ but these ​Drug​s cause drowsiness,​ and​ can affect an adults ability to​ work and​ think,​ and​ childrens ability to​ learn if ​ taken during the​ day.
Phototherapy uses ultraviolet a​ or​ B light waves,​ and​ is​ reserved for children over 12 and​ adults. ​
it​ is​ very much like a​ tanning bed,​ and,​ like tanning beds,​ can cause skin cancer if ​ used too much,​ for too long. ​
Doctors use the​ minimum exposure necessary to​ ease itching and​ reduce inflammation.
In severe cases of​ eczema that do not respond to​ any other treatment,​ an immunosuppressive ​Drug​,​ like cyclosporine,​ may be used for a​ short time although the​ safety and​ effectiveness of​ cyclosporin in​ children has not been clearly established by clinical trials. ​
These ​Drug​s block the​ production of​ some of​ the​ bodys immune cells and​ curb the​ effect of​ others. ​
They can provide relief from very serious eczema flares,​ but this improvement while on​ the​ ​Drug​ often does not continue after the​ ​Drug​ course is​ over. ​
Side effects include hypertension and​ kidney problems,​ nausea,​ tingling or​ numbness,​ headaches,​ and​ a​ possible increase in​ cancer risk.
Keeping the​ skin happy and​ healthy is​ the​ first rule of​ good eczema care. ​
This includes avoiding flare triggers,​ and​ sticking to​ a​ skin care routine that keeps the​ skin moisturized,​ and​ minimizes itchiness. ​
Still,​ flares do happen. ​
if ​ inflammation cannot be reduced with good lifestyle and​ skin care habits alone,​ there are a​ wide variety of​ both overthecounter and​ prescription medications available to​ manage the​ flares.




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