Eating Disorders Explained

Eating Disorders Explained



Unhealthy eating patterns lead to​ an​ eating disorder. This is​ very common among teenage girls who are obsessed about becoming thin, and start harming their body by not eating. Poor nutrition harms their body organs. This is​ a​ very serious problem as​ it​ affects them mentally as​ well, and leads to​ depression and anxiety. an​ eating disorder can be overeating as​ well.

When a​ person finds refuge in​ food to​ cover their mental disturbance, then they are suffering from an​ eating disorder.

The three most common types of​ eating disorder are:

• Anorexia
• Bulimia
• Compulsive eating

Anorexia:

This is​ a​ psychological disorder, mostly seen in​ teenage girls, as​ a​ result of​ low self esteem or​ emotional or​ physical abuse. Obsession to​ become thin is​ the main reason for these people to​ start over dieting. The more they lose weight, the more they have the drive to​ push further. They stop worrying about their body, and they become only interested in​ losing weight. They starve so as​ to​ take control over the body. They start neglecting their health, which can sometimes even lead to​ death. This disorder is​ also a​ type of​ addiction.

They develop psychological fear of​ food and fatness, which leads them to​ the extent of​ vomiting out anything and everything that they eat. Some people also start using laxatives to​ reduce weight. No matter how thin they grow, they are never satisfied.

Bulimia:

This is​ also similar to​ anorexia, where the person becomes obsessed with growing thin. Here the person may binge on food, then throw up everything she/he just ate. They may first eat a​ large amount of​ food, and even indulge in​ rich food in​ a​ short period of​ time, then later force themselves to​ vomit. They may also start exercising excessively, use laxatives, or​ fast to​ make up for the food they had, as​ they start to​ feel guilty about having eaten food. Bulimia is​ most common in​ adolescent and young adult women.

Unlike anorexia where the person stops eating, bulimic people do eat food, but they either force themselves to​ vomit or​ use laxatives.

Health problems related to​ Anorexia/Bulimia

They are:

• Poor circulation of​ blood
• Irregular menstrual cycle
• Brittle bones
• Infertility
• Fainting and dizziness
• Dehydration leading to​ kidney damage
• Slowed heartbeat
• Low blood pressure
• Reduced body temperature
• Hair loss

Compulsive eating:

When a​ person starts binging, leading to​ a​ feeling of​ guilt and shame, she/he is​ said to​ be a​ compulsive eater. This is​ not like bulimia where the person involves purging. This leads to​ weight gain and depression. Here the person has an​ uncontrolled urge to​ eat all the time. 40 percent of​ people who are obese are binge eaters.

How would you know if​ you are a​ compulsive eater?

These are common signs of​ a​ compulsive eater:

• Eating uncontrollably
• Depression
• Dieting frequently
• Preoccupied about their weight
• Vigorous exercise or​ vomiting to​ lose weight
• Health problems like heartburn, dental problems, fatigue, weight gain, insomnia and high BP.

Treatments:

Recovery from these disorders is​ possible. The person must undergo certain lifestyle changes with the help of​ the people around him/her. There are different kinds of​ psychological therapy available to​ treat these problems. For a​ person suffering from anorexia, hospitalization may be necessary in​ extreme cases; when due to​ severe weight loss different parts of​ the body get affected. Intravenous feeding may be required, and the focus would be on gaining weight. Family support and assistance is​ very important. The person is​ given nutritional education for a​ healthy alternative to​ weight management. a​ lot of​ counseling is​ given, and therapy to​ boost up one's self esteem. Everyone has the right to​ love his own body.

So with the help of​ medical, psychological and nutritional assistance, people with eating disorders can be healed.




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