Developing Reading Fluency

Developing Reading Fluency



How many times have you heard a​ child reading aloud and it​ sounded like they were counting instead of​ reading? This is​ a​ problem that many teachers and parents face. it​ is​ caused by a​ lack of​ reading fluency. While it​ has long been recognized that fluency needs to​ be developed, teachers have been reluctant to​ teach it​ over the years. Fluency has been one of​ those skills that have been left to​ chance. However, fluency need not be left to​ chance, it​ can be taught. Here are some strategies to​ develop fluency in​ children:

1. Echo reading is​ modeled reading. an​ adult shows how a​ passage should be read taking care to​ show proper pronunciation and intonation. The adult reads a​ sentence or​ part of​ a​ sentence from the text and then the child follows trying to​ imitate the pattern shown by the adult. This strategy is​ effective because children have a​ model. They have a​ set guideline for how the passage or​ particular paragraph should sound.

2. Choral reading is​ another good way to​ develop reading fluency. During choral reading the teacher or​ adult reads along with a​ group of​ students. Choral reading is​ a​ traditional strategy that has been used by teachers for years. it​ is​ a​ good method. However teachers should watch out for those students who simply cannot keep up with choral reading. This strategy usually intimidates them and they will pretend to​ be reading but may simply be moving their lips. These children will usually succeed with other reading fluency strategies mentioned in​ this article.

3. Tape assisted reading is​ a​ tried and true method of​ developing reading fluency. Students read aloud from their books while listening to​ someone reading the same book on tape. There are many books that now come with tapes so tape assisted reading shouldn't be hard to​ do even if​ you don't want to​ record yourself modeling fluency. it​ is​ tedious to​ make tapes of​ yourself modeling reading, children however tend to​ appreciate the personal touch, be it​ from a​ teacher or​ a​ parent so before going out and buying tapes consider the do-it-yourself approach.

4. Peer reading is​ a​ strategy that partners a​ weak reader with a​ strong reader. This creates a​ support framework for the weaker reader and has often proven to​ be highly effective as​ the strong reader usually models fluency for the weaker reader. The personality of​ the partners selected for peer reading should be taken into consideration as​ some people get along together better than others. if​ the level of​ friction between the two partners becomes too high you might have to​ find each a​ new partner.

5. Children enjoy drama and they like it​ even better when they get to​ be the players in​ that drama. Let them act out scenes from a​ book using the dialogue from the story. This activity is​ good for developing reading fluency and it​ is​ also fun. While they are having fun they will be learning how to​ express themselves and learning drama skills at​ the same time. Playing a​ character from a​ book requires them to​ focus more on the details of​ the characters personality. Acting it​ out is​ not just good for reading fluency it​ is​ good for reading comprehension as​ well.




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