Computer Mice And Their Origin In Our Telephones

Computer Mice And Their Origin In Our Telephones
Like so many developments that we​ take for common on​ our computers the​ humble mouse had its origins in​ the​ innovative work done for more than two decades at​ the​ Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) .​
the​ PARC mouse had two rollers for horizontal and vertical motion and a​ single button .​
The deucedly boxy shape was favored by many of​ developers at​ PARC and remarkably has persisted through many mouse (or mice) incarnations.
Firstly the​ Microsoft mouse design has had major impacts in​ the​ mice industry .​
Microsoft mice always had ergonomic design .​
The first Microsoft mouse had a​ broad teardrop shape with two buttons .​
The original green buttoned model had a​ steel ball that spawned an​ industry in​ foam mouse pads .​
The next iteration had larger buttons,​ a​ larger body,​ and a​ rubber coated ball.
When Microsoft decided that the​ mouse needed to​ be redesigned,​ it​ turned to​ the​ venerable firm Matrix Design of​ San Francisco .​
Microsoft routinely used and uses third parties to​ design and software develop many of​ the​ items and software that we​ take for granted today that Microsoft devoted alone .​
Mike Nuttal,​ one of​ Matrix Designs founders was intrigued by Microsoft’s project: reshaping the​ exterior without altering the​ internal mechanism.
Matrix did change one internal element: the​ position of​ the​ mouse ball .​
Almost the​ first thing we​ tried was to​ move the​ ball forward,​ Nuttal remarked later .​
In the​ old design the​ ball sat forward under the​ palm .​
a​ computer mouse user has a​ natural tendency to​ put their weight on​ the​ palms of​ their hands and thus on​ the​ ball .​
By moving the​ mouse ball forward the​ result was much greater accuracy of​ the​ mouse.
We knew the​ buttons had to​ be larger Nuttal as​ well said we​ tried several button sizes and in​ the​ process of​ designing we​ ended up incorporating the​ buttons into the​ body of​ the​ mouse .​
Another change was in​ the​ relative size of​ the​ buttons .​
It was felt that the​ left buttons should be larger than the​ right .​
The results were more than favorable especially with left handed users .​
By making the​ left button larger finger position no longer was a​ major factor therefore the​ index finger could curve form lower left to​ upper right ( vice versa in​ lefties ) .​
This is​ the​ position the​ index finger naturally favors .​
In addition the​ previous rubber-dome switches were replaced with micro switches that had a​ short travel depression and better tactile feedback.
It was not long before the​ firm Logitech responded to​ Microsoft’s mice innovations.
Logitech’s first mouse was truly one of​ the​ first examples of​ the​ upcoming international efforts in​ product development and design .​
a​ Swiss based Professor: Professor Niklaus Wirth spent a​ year on​ sabbatical at​ Xerox PARC in​ 1970 and returned to​ Europe to​ test mouse designs,​ working closely with Inria,​ a​ French design center for office automation products .​
In the​ end their final design was a​ round mouse with front mounted buttons.
Product development and testing ensued over the​ position of​ the​ buttons,​ and the​ front position won over the​ top.
However,​ Logitech soon found that the​ buttons on​ the​ front made the​ mouse jump backward slightly when clicked .​
The design was abandoned in​ favor of​ a​ wedge shape,​ which was followed by the​ rectangular shape that we​ today.
What is​ interesting about all of​ this is​ the​ effect of​ outside products on​ an​ item that we​ take for granted today - the​ humble mouse which so functional that we​ seldom give it​ second thought.
The rounded heel that fits so well in​ the​ palm of​ your hand,​ the​ large buttons,​ and the​ smooth edges all have roots in​ the​ most universal of​ electrical / electronic products.
Mr .​
Nuttal and Matrix Design’s area in​ great expertise was in​ the​ design and development of​ telephones.

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