Choosing Your Scuba Diving Equipment

Choosing Your Scuba Diving Equipment

Before taking up scuba diving as​ a​ recreational sport, it​ is​ important that you get yourself the​ necessary scuba equipment and​ gear. There are many options available but if​ you’re a​ beginner, it’s best to​ start from the​ basics such as​ the​ mask, fins, snorkel, and​ weight belt, then move on to​ advanced sets later.

The Basics:

The diving mask allows you to​ see underwater through the​ glass plate in​ front. Most diving masks are constructed in​ such a​ way that a​ user can breathe out into the​ mask. This prevents the​ “squeeze” during the​ descent caused by pressure. Choose a​ mask that properly fits your face and​ forms a​ seal. Most scuba diving masks come with a​ rubber or​ silicone "skirt" that creates a​ watertight seal with the​ diver's face.

There are several types of​ diving masks such as​ full face diving masks that allow underwater verbal communication, diving helmets using surface supplied diving equipment etc. Prescription masks are also available for​ people who wear prescription glasses.

The Fins allow you to​ move freely underwater and​ should perfectly fit the​ feet. it​ should neither be too tight nor too loose which can hamper swimming capabilities, be very uncomfortable and​ even dangerous while taking a​ dive. the​ snorkel lets you breathe at​ the​ surface without raising your head from the​ water, and​ should be no lesser than 30 cms in​ length. the​ weight belt helps you maintain buoyancy so you should consider getting one if​ you’re a​ beginner.

Diving suits like Wetsuits and​ Drysuits provide thermal insulation and​ prevent complications such as​ hypothermia. Remember that water conducts heat 25 times faster than air from the​ body. So, choose a​ suit depending on how warm or​ cold your diving water is​ going to​ be.

Scuba Sets:

There are two main types of​ scuba sets – open-circuit and​ closed-circuit.

Most scuba divers use standard air - 21% Oxygen, 79% Nitrogen – for​ their open-circuit scuba sets, which is​ much more cost-effective than using mixtures such as​ heliox and​ trimix. the​ open-circuit scuba set (also known as​ Aqualung) itself is​ quite simple so is​ also cheaper and​ more popular than other types. Basically, the​ user breathes in​ from the​ set and​ out to​ waste, with the​ gas cylinder worn on the​ back. There are 2- and​ 3 backpack cylinders open-circuit scuba sets available.

Closed-circuit scuba sets use rebreathers. in​ this system, exhaled air is​ reprocessed by the​ rebreather to​ make it​ fit for​ re-inhalation. This can be very economical for​ people who need to​ take long dives. the​ three types of​ rebreathers include oxygen, semi-closed circuit and​ fully-closed circuit rebreathers.

Accessories you should consider:

Regulator and​ Buoyancy Compensator (BC) – the​ regulator, which carries the​ air from your cylinder, should be equipped with a​ gauge and​ second mouthpiece. the​ Buoyancy Compensator, such as​ such as​ a​ back-mounted wing or​ stabilizer jacket, is​ crucial for​ neutral buoyancy to​ control depth.

Dive watch: Electronics like a​ dive watch comes in​ quite handy when measuring your time and​ depth underwater. a​ dive computer is​ also available for​ the​ same purpose which is​ more accurate but more expensive.

If you plan to​ really move head with your scuba diving adventure, consider getting other useful accessories such as​ underwater light, a​ surface marker-buoy (SMB), a​ knife, and​ a​ compass etc. Experienced divers, Scuba Dive centers, websites, magazines, etc will all be able to​ assist you when searching for​ the​ right scuba diving equipment and​ accessories.

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