Cervical Cancer Hpv Vaccine

Cervical Cancer Hpv Vaccine



Gardasil:
Cervical cancer is​ caused by a​ virus many people get in​ their teens and​ 20s. Now there is​ a​ vaccine available to​ protect women from the​ most common cause of​ cervical cancer: a​ virus called HPV.
What is​ HPV?
HPV (human papillomavirus) is​ a​ common virus that affects both females and​ males. There are actually more than 100 types of​ HPV. Most of​ them are relatively harmless, like the​ ones that cause common warts on the​ hands and​ feet. for​ most people, the​ body’s own defense system will clear the​ virus. However, there are a​ few types of​ HPV you should really know about.
Genital HPV:
About 30 types of​ HPV affect the​ genital area.
- Some are “high-risk” types (such as​ HPV Types 16 and​ 18) that can cause abnormal cervical cells and​ cervical cancer
- Others are “low-risk” types (such as​ HPV Types 6 and​ 11) that can cause genital warts.
Genital Warts:
Genital warts are usually flesh-colored growths that are most often caused by certain “low-risk” types of​ HPV. Anyone who has any kind of​ sexual activity involving genital contact can get HPV and​ genital warts – intercourse isn’t necessary. and​ many people with HPV do not have genital warts or​ any other symptoms, so they can pass the​ virus without even knowing it. the​ warts may appear within weeks, months – or​ sometimes not at​ all.
More common than you might think:
The Center for​ Disease Control (CDC) estimates that 80% of​ women will have had genital HPV by age 50. It’s estimated that most people get HPV within their first 2 to​ 3 years of​ becoming sexually active.
A cancer vaccine?
Gardasil is​ a​ vaccine that helps protect against the​ following diseases (these are diseases caused by the​ HPV Types in​ the​ vaccine (6, 11, 16, and​ 18)):
- Cervical cancer
- Abnormal and​ precancerous cervical lesions
- Abnormal and​ precancerous vaginal lesions
- Genital warts
Gardasil is​ indicated for​ girls and​ women ages 9 through 26. the​ vaccine is​ given as​ a​ series of​ three injections at​ 0, 2, and​ 6 months. Gardasil is​ intended to​ prevent, not treat, the​ above mentioned diseases. However, you may benefit from Gardasil if​ you already have HPV. This is​ because most people are not infected with all four types of​ HPV contained in​ the​ vaccine. in​ clinical trials, individuals with one or​ more vaccine-related HPV types prior to​ vaccination were protected from disease caused by the​ remaining vaccine HPV types.
What about women of​ other ages and​ men?
The main purpose Gardasil is​ to​ protect women against the​ HPV types that cause cervical cancer. Men are obviously not at​ risk for​ cervical cancer so, at​ this time, there are no efforts to​ vaccinate men. Some men may choose, however, to​ get the​ vaccine simply for​ the​ partial protection it​ will give them against contracting genital warts. How effective the​ vaccine is​ at​ protecting men from genital warts has not yet been sufficiently studied.
The age range for​ women is​ based on the​ fact that HPV is​ a​ sexually transmitted virus that most women encounter within the​ first 2 to​ 3 years of​ being sexually active.




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