Bronchitis Symptom Treatment

Managing Bronchitis Symptoms and​ Knowing the​ Treatment
Inflammation of​ the​ respiratory tract that includes the​ trachea and​ the​ bronchus is​ known as​ bronchitis .​
This may be caused by viral or​ bacterial infection or​ constant exposure to​ pollutants (such as​ smoking and​ air pollution) .​
There are two kinds, acute and​ chronic bronchitis.
Acute bronchitis usually takes place right after an​ infection of​ the​ upper respiratory tract has occurred like a​ sinus infection or​ the​ common cold .​
As for​ chronic bronchitis, there is​ no exact microorganism that can be pinpointed as​ a​ cause but smoking and​ environmental pollutants are believed to​ be the​ major culprits which then may be followed by bacterial or​ viral infection as​ the​ immune system becomes vulnerable.
Common symptoms of​ both kinds of​ bronchitis are nasal congestion, muscle pains, fever and​ chills, sore throat, poor sleep, and​ dyspnea (common in​ chronic bronchitis) .​
Basically, the​ symptoms of​ bronchitis are similar to​ that of​ the​ common cold .​
It starts with an​ irritation at​ the​ back of​ the​ throat and​ as​ it​ gets worse, cough will enter the​ picture which may come with phlegm .​
If the​ phlegm is​ streaked with blood, it​ is​ best to​ consult a​ physician.
Cough is​ a​ universal symptom of​ bronchitis .​
This may be accompanied with sputum or​ not (dry cough) .​
Sputum producing cough is​ a​ manifestation of​ an​ infection in​ the​ lower respiratory tract and​ the​ lungs .​
In acute bronchitis, cough may persist for​ more than fourteen days .​
Constant and​ vigorous coughing may leave the​ thoracic and​ abdominal muscles aching .​
Without proper medication, forceful coughing may even cause injury to​ the​ chest wall.
Uncomplicated bronchitis can be easily treated at​ home .​
Commonly, bronchitis (especially acute bronchitis) is​ caused by a​ viral infection .​
Virus-caused bronchitis is​ self-limiting and​ may require no major treatment except to​ alleviate symptoms and​ ease discomfort.
But if​ it​ is​ caused by bacterial infections, then antibiotics are prescribed .​
However, antibiotics should not be taken if​ bronchitis is​ caused by a​ virus .​
Doing so, will only be a​ waste of​ time and​ money .​
An over usage of​ antibiotics will only make certain types of​ bacteria to​ build resistance from the​ medication.
Since muscle aches can be experienced through the​ course of​ the​ disease, anti-pain medications may be taken such as​ acetaminophen and​ aspirin .​
But bear in​ mind that an​ over dosage of​ these type of​ medications may cause gastric bleeding .​
These should be taken with a​ full stomach .​
Furthermore, aspirin is​ contraindicated for​ children and​ pregnant women .​
Aspirin is​ thought to​ be highly associated with Reye’s syndrome in​ children, and​ it​ may cause severe bleeding in​ pregnant women.
To ease irritation in​ the​ respiratory tract, a​ cool mist humidifier may be employed .​
Taking large amounts of​ liquid helps out to​ ease fever because it​ tends to​ cool down the​ body temperature .​
Liquid intake also thins out or​ liquefies the​ phlegm, making it​ easier to​ cough it​ out .​
Another way to​ loosen up the​ phlegm is​ by taking an​ expectorant such as​ quaifenesin.
Further medical treatment will depend on the​ causative factor of​ bronchitis .​
If the​ patient is​ experiencing severe uncontrollable coughing, cough suppressants may be prescribed by the​ physician .​
But the​ before prescribing it, the​ physician will most likely test the​ individual to​ rule out other diseases.
Another kind of​ medication is​ the​ bronchodilator .​
This causes the​ respiratory tract tissues to​ dilate or​ open up which then promotes easy passage of​ air to​ the​ lungs .​
It consequently reduces wheezing.
Again, antibiotics may be used .​
Other than the​ reason of​ bacterial-caused infection in​ uncomplicated bronchitis is​ because individuals suffering from long term lung problems are more prone to​ bacteria infections because of​ their weakened immune systems.
In later stages of​ chronic bronchitis, the​ patient may call for​ supplemental oxygen to​ assist him or​ her in​ breathing .​
This oxygen therapy may be given during exercise to​ avoid dyspnea .​
And the​ patient may as​ well be hospitalized if​ the​ disease has become very severe and​ has developed complications.
To avoid further complications, patients may be required to​ receive an​ annual flu vaccine, as​ well as​ pneumococcal vaccine every five to​ seven years .​
Other medical treatments may also include mucolytic agents, antitussive medications, and​ alpha1 antitrypsin therapy.
Other treatments that can ease the​ symptoms of​ bronchitis are the​ use of​ herbal medicines .​
These can be formulated as​ inhalants and​ tea .​
Still, consult your physician if​ these additional herbal medicines won’t interfere with the​ primary treatment.

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